Japan's Security Policy
National Security Strategy (NSS)
The NSS presents the guiding principles of Japan’s security and its national interests and objectives, demonstrates the security environment surrounding Japan and challenges to the national security, and presents the strategic approaches that Japan should take to address those challenges.
Overview of the NSS
Japan’s national interests and national security objectives
- National interests
- Maintain its own peace and security of Japan and ensure its survival.
- Achieve the prosperity of Japan and its people, thereby consolidating its peace and security.
- Maintain and protect the international order based on universal values and rules.
- To strengthen the deterrence, thereby deterring threats from directly reaching Japan.
- To improve the security environment of the region, and prevent the emergence of and reduce direct threats to Japan through strengthening the Japan-U.S. Alliance and enhancing trust and cooperative relations with its partners.
- To improve the global security environment and build a peaceful, stable and prosperous international community.
Strategic approaches that Japan should take for its national security
(1) Strengthening and expanding Japan’s capabilities and roles
- Strengthening diplomacy
- Building a comprehensive defense architecture
- Protecting territorial integrity and ensuring maritime security
- Strengthening cyber security, international counterterrorism, intelligence capabilities, stable use of outer space, and technological capabilities
(2) Strengthening the Japan-U.S. Alliance
- Enhance the effectiveness of the Japan-U.S. Security Arrangements and realize a more multifaceted Japan-U.S. Alliance
- Further strengthen Japan-U.S. security and defense cooperation in a wide range of areas
- Ensure a stable presence of the U.S. forces
(3) Strengthening diplomacy and security cooperation with Japan’s partners for peace and stability in the international community
- The Republic of Korea (ROK), Australia, ASEAN countries, and India: Share universal values and strategic interests. Strengthen cooperative relationships
- China: Build a “Mutually Beneficial Relationship Based on Common Strategic Interests”
- North Korea: Urge North Korea to take concrete actions towards the comprehensive resolution of outstanding issues of concern
- Actively utilize multilateral frameworks (G7, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the East Asia Summit (EAS), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the ASEAN Defense Ministers’ Meeting-Plus (ADMM-Plus), Japan-U.S.-ROK, Japan-U.S.-Australia, Japan-U.S.-India, and Japan-China-ROK).
(4) Proactive Contribution to International Efforts for Peace and Stability of the International Community
- Strengthen diplomacy at the United Nations
- Strengthen the rule of law in the international community, including the seas, outer space, and cyberspace
- Promote international cooperation in disarmament and non-proliferation, UN PKO and other international peace activities, Official Development Assistance (ODA), capacity building assistance, and international counterterrorism.
(5) Strengthening cooperation based on universal values to resolve global issues
- Support democratization through proactive and strategic use of ODA, respond to development challenges and global issues, mainstream the concept of human security, strengthen free trade frameworks, further people-to-people exchanges, and etc.
(6) Strengthening domestic foundations that supports national security, and promote domestic and global understanding
- Maintain and enhance defense production and technological bases, boost communications capabilities, strengthen the societal awareness and knowledge base