Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Japan is committed to addressing environmental issues and has been providing assistance based on the "Environmental Conservation Initiative for Sustainable Development (EcoISD)" announced at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, in 2002
- The Framework Featured in ODA Charter ＆ Mid-Term Policy (Extracts)
Japan's Official Development Assistance Charter (August, 2003)
I. Philosophy ——Objectives, Policies, and Priorities
3. Priority Issues
II. Principle of ODA Implementation
III. Formulation and Implementation of ODA Policy
Japan's Medium-Term Policy on ODA (February, 2005)
3. Priority Issues
(2) Sustainable Growth
(3) Addressing Global Issues
i. Japan's Position on Addressing Environmental Problems and Natural Disasters
(b) Japan will actively address environmental problems and natural disasters by making use of its ODA based on initiatives such as the Environmental Conservation Initiative for Sustainable Development (EcoISD), the Kyoto Initiative, and the Initiative for Disaster Reduction through ODA.
ii. Approach to Addressing Environmental Problems and Specific Actions
(a) Capacity Development of Developing Countries to Address Environmental Problems
(b) Active Integration of Environmental Elements
(c) Japan's Guiding Role
(d) Cooperation Based on Broad and Comprehensive Frameworks
(e) Application of Japanese Experience and Scientific Technology
iii. Approach to Address Disasters and Specific Actions
- Initiatives & Funding Commitment
- Measures for Global Warming
Global Warming Measures Course (Group Training):
Development of Strategies on Challenging Climate Change
The purpose of this training course is to assist developing countries to ratify and realize the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) through sharing the latest scientific and technical knowledge concerning UNFCCC and presenting Japan's countermeasures against global warming. This training course includes lectures on methods to integrate climate change policy into development policy, development of national communications, impact assessment on climate change, development of inventories of green house gas emissions etc. and group work on action plans to address global warming.
Egypt: Zafarana Wind Power Plant Project: Japanese ODA Loan Cooperation
Zafarana Wind Power Plant Project
A Japanese ODA loan has supported the construction of a wind power plant in Zafarana on the coast of the Red Sea, 220km southeast of the capital Cairo. The plant will have a power capacity of 120MW. This project is expected to mitigate air pollution and global warming by utilizing wind power and to stabilize the electricity supply in Egypt. The project was registered as CDM project after being approved by the United Nations CDM Committee on June 22, 2007.
- Measures for Environmental Pollution
China: The Japan-China Friendship Center for Environmental Protection (Phase III):
The Japan-China Friendship Center for Environmental Protection (China)
A key feature of Japanese cooperation on Environmental issues with developing countries is the promotion of ownership by the recipient government; thus, fostering the country's ability to take its own environmental protection measures. To this end and as one of measures aimed at strengthening China's administrative structure for environmental protection, Japan has been pursuing an environment oriented approach. This assistance combines the construction of center facilities (grant aid) with various undertakings in technical cooperation projects that require greater participation from the recipient's side, conforming to Japan's underlying "self-help" approach to international cooperation. Since 1990, Japan has conducted a series of environmental center projects in countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Chile, Mexico and Egypt. Japan anticipates that each of these centers, once built, will have enough confidence and capacity to act as a regional center of excellence and a hub for training environmental administrators and engineers from other neighboring countries on environmental protection in the near future
Thailand: Training Course for Acid Deposition Monitoring and Assessment: Technical Cooperation to Combat Acid Deposition across Borders
Third Country Training Course for Acid Deposition Monitoring and Assessment
In East Asia, there is a concern that damage from acid deposition and air pollution would affect human health. In order to combat acid deposition, we need to work with countries across the region to strengthen monitoring systems, perform emission inventories, take emission reduction measures etc. in each country given the extent of the problem. This training is implemented in Thailand with lecturers from Japan for trainees from the surrounding countries.
- Actions for Water Issues
Senegal: Rural Village Water Supply Project: Grant Aid Cooperation to Supply Safe Drinking Water
Rural Village Water Supply Project (Senegal)
Senegal is located in the arid region southwest of the Sahara desert and its land is suffering from desertification. Not only do rural residents have to depend on unsanitary shallow wells, they are also subjected to the hard manual labor of hauling water. Although the Government of Senegal has been trying to build water supply facilities in rural villages, more needs to be done. The Government of Senegal has formulated the Rural Village Water Supply Project and requested grant aid from Japan. This project is expected to build deep well water supply facilities in 14 villages and improve residential living and sanitation environment. From 1979 to date, Japan has provided grant aid to build rural water supply facilities on more than 10 occasions.
India: Yamuna Action Plan Project: Japanese ODA Loan Cooperation to Enhance
Yamuna Action Plan Project (India)
Yamuna River is rapidly being polluted as populations in its basin continue to grow. Pollution is primarily caused by raw sewerage and partially cremated bodies being dumped into the river. These customs pose a threat to the health of local people. The Yamuna Action Plan Project is an ambitious program to improve sewerage and other public health facilities in 15 cities located in 3 states in its basin and at the same time increase public awareness of sanitation. Seminars and workshops are being run in collaboration with local NGOs to promote and spread the use of public toilets, appropriate disposal of bodily remains, and bathing ghats as well as other facilities.
- Natural Environment Protection
Malaysia: Technical Cooperation Programme for Bornean Biodiversity and Ecosystem Conservation in Sabah: Technical Cooperation to Synthetically Promote Nature Conservation
Technical Cooperation Programme for Bornean Biodiversity and Ecosystem Conservation in Sabah
Based on the experience of "Biodiversity Conservation Project Cooperation in Indonesia" which was implemented until FY 1993, "Technical Cooperation Programme for Bornean Biodiversity and Ecosystem Conservation in Sabah" was started in 2002 and is planned to continue for 5 years. The purpose of this project is to establish comprehensive measures and systems for a more sustainable approach to environment in and around Sabah by integrating research and education, administration and public environmental awareness. This project has strengthened cooperation among related institutions and raised public awareness of natural environment in Sabah. This has resulted in more effective park management, development of management plans for protected areas, and the establishment of new protected areas.
Palau: Palau International Coral Reef Center Strengthening Project
Palau International Coral Reef Center Strengthening Project
The government of Palau planned to establish the center where they conduct research activities for coral reef and related marine life and awareness activities for their conservation. The Palau International Coral Reef Center was opened with grant aid support from Japan in January 2001. This project aims to strengthen research and awareness. A mid-term strategy for the center is being implemented from October 2002 to September 2006. This center is the focal point for the global coral reef monitoring network and conservation in Micronesia region.
Photo from Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Handbook (MOFA, 2005)