July 30, 2015
Takeshima as a Bombing Range for the U.S. Forces
In July 1951, while Japan was still under Allied occupation, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers designated Takeshima as a bombing range for the U.S. Forces by SCAPIN No. 2160.
In July 1952, right after the San Francisco Peace Treaty came into effect, in response to the desire of the U.S. Forces to continue to use Takeshima as a training area, the Japan-U.S. Joint Committee, established as the consultative body for the implementation of the Japan-U.S. Administrative Agreement (an agreement based on the former Japan-U.S. Security Treaty, which was later succeeded by the current Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement), designated Takeshima as a bombing range for the U.S. Forces stationed in Japan. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs published this fact in its official gazette.
However, because local residents wished to engage in sea lion hunting, abalone fishing and seaweed harvesting in the waters around Takeshima, and the U.S. Forces had stopped using Takeshima as a bombing range as of the winter of 1952, in March 1953 the Joint Committee decided to release Takeshima from the designation of a bombing range for the U.S. Forces.
The Japan-U.S. Administrative Agreement stipulated that the Joint Committee should serve as the means for consultation in making determinations about facilities and areas in Japan. Therefore, the fact that Takeshima was discussed by the Committee and the fact that the island was designated as an area for use by the U.S. Forces stationed in Japan clearly indicate that Takeshima is part of the territory of Japan.