Humanitarian Assistance / Emergency Assistance
Dispatch of Japan Disaster Relief Team
When MOFA receives a request for assistance from the government of a disaster-affected country or an international organization and finds it appropriate to dispatch a JDR team, MOFA consults with the ministries and agencies concerned for obtaining cooperation in dispatching a JDR Team under the Law Concerning Dispatch of the Japan Disaster Relief Team (entered into force on September 16, 1987 and last amended on December 22, 2006). Dispatch and other necessary tasks are carried out by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) following an order by the Minister for Foreign Affairs.
While the Act on Cooperation for United Nations Peacekeeping Operations and Other Operations (the International Peace Cooperation Law or PKO Law), which was enforced and promulgated in 1992, covers conflict-related disasters, other natural and man-made disasters such as gas explosions are treated under the Law Concerning Dispatch of the Japan Disaster Relief Team.
There are five types of JDR teams. One or more types of the teams are dispatched as appropriate.