Climate Change

January 29, 2020

Various frameworks regarding the climate change has transited before and after the Paris Agreement.

1. Transition of the Frameworks

(image) Transition of the Frameworks

From 2011 to 2015, United Nations Climate Change negotiations have been conducted at Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP), Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP), Subsidiary Bodies (SB) and Ad-Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) which was established to discuss the new framework beyond 2020.

Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA) was established and added to COP, CMP and SB, and upon the completion of ADP, the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) was established and completed its work by CMA1.

2. Organizations

(1) Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP)

Supreme decision-making body of the UNFCCC. All the parties participate and review the implementation of the UNFCCC and make decisions.

(2) Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP)

All the parties of the Kyoto Protocol participate and review the implementation of the Protocol and make decisions. CMP is held once a year.

(3) Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA)

All the parties of the Paris Agreement participate and review the implementation of the Agreement and make decisions. CMA is held once a year.

(4) Subsidiary Bodies (SB)

Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI). SBSTA provides scientific and technological information and advice regarding the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. SBI evaluates and reviews the effective implementation of the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. SB are held twice a year.

(5) Ad Hoc Working Group of the Paris Agreement (APA)

APA is a subsidiary body which was established upon the adoption of the Paris Agreement for the entry into force of the Paris Agreement and for the preparation of the 1st meeting of CMA. APA discusses the guidelines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement. APA finished its function when CMA1-3 closed in December 2018.

(6) Ad-Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP)

ADP is a subsidiary body which was established to (1) discuss the framework which will be applied to all the countries from 2020 and to (2) discuss the enhancement of mitigation ambition by 2020. ADP finished its function in COP21 (end of 2015) when the Paris Agreement was adopted.

3. Overview of the Conferences

Date Place COP
CMP
CMA
SBI
SBSTA
APA
ADP
AWG
December 2 – December 15, 2019 Madrid, Spain COP25
CMP15
CMA2
SBI51
SBSTA51
 
June 17 – June 27, 2019 Bonn, Germany   SBI50
SBSTA50
 
December 2 – December 15, 2018 Katowice, Poland COP24
CMP14
CMA1-3
SBI49
SBSTA49
APA1-7
September 4 – September 9, 2018 Bangkok, Thailand   SBI48-2
SBSTA48-2
APA1-6
April 30 – May 10, 2018 Bonn, Germany   SBI48
SBSTA48
APA1-5
November 6 – November 17, 2017 Bonn, Germany COP23
CMP13
CMA1-2
SBI47
SBSTA47
APA1-4
May 8 – May 18, 2017 Bonn, Germany   SBI46
SBSTA46
APA1-3
November 7 – November 18, 2016 Marrakech, Morocco COP22
CMP12
CMA 1
SBI45
SBSTA45
APA1-2
May 16 – May 26, 2016 Bonn, Germany   SBI44
SBSTA44
APA 1-1
November 30 – December 13, 2015 Paris, France COP21
CMP11
SBI43
SBSTA43
ADP2-12
October 19 – October 23, 2015 Bonn, Germany     ADP2-11
August 31 – September 4, 2015 Bonn, Germany     ADP2-10
June 1 – June 11, 2015 Bonn, Germany   SBI42
SBSTA42
ADP2-9
February 8 – February 13, 2015 Geneva, Switzerland     ADP2-8
December 1 – December 14, 2014 Lima, Peru COP20
CMP10
SBI41
SBSTA41
ADP2-7
October 20 – October 25, 2014 Bonn, Germany     ADP2-6
June 4 – June 15, 2014 Bonn, Germany   SBI40
SBSTA40
ADP2-5
March 10 – March 14, 2014 Bonn, Germany     ADP2-4
November 11 – November 23, 2013 Warsaw, Poland COP19
CMP9
SBI39
SBSTA39
ADP2-3
June 3 – June 14, 2013 Bonn, Germany   SBI38
SBSTA38
ADP2-2
April 29 – May 3, 2013 Bonn, Germany     ADP2-1
November 26 – December 8, 2012 Doha, Qatar COP18
CMP8
SBI37
SBSTA37
ADP1-2
AWG-LCA15-2
AWG-KP17-2
August 30 – September 5, 2012 Bangkok, Thailand     ADP1 (informal)
AWG-LCA15-1
AWG-KP17-1
May 14 – May 25, 2012 Bonn, Germany   SBI36
SBSTA36
ADP1
AWG-LCA15
AWG-KP17
November 28 – December 11, 2011 Durban, South Africa COP17
CMP7
SBI35
SBSTA35
AWG-LCA14-4
AWG-KP16-4
October 1 – October 7, 2011 Panama City, Panama     AWG-LCA14-3
AWG-KP16-3
June 6 – June 17, 2011 Bonn, Germany   SBI34
SBSTA34
AWG-LCA14-2
AWG-KP16-2
April 5 – April 8, 2011 Bangkok, Thailand     AWG-LCA14
AWG-KP16
November 29 – December 10, 2010 Cancun, Mexico COP16
CMP6
SBI33
SBSTA33
AWG-LCA13
AWG-KP15
October 4 – October 9, 2010 Tianjin, China     AWG-LCA12
AWG-KP14
August 2 – August 6, 2010 Bonn, Germany     AWG-LCA11
AWG-KP13
May 31 – June 11, 2010 Bonn, Germany   SBI32
SBSTA32
AWG-LCA10
AWG-KP12
April 9 – April 11, 2010 Bonn, Germany     AWG-LCA9
AWG-KP11
December 7 – December 19, 2009 Copenhagen, Denmark COP15
CMP5
SBI31
SBSTA31
AWG-LCA8
AWG-KP10
November 2 – November 6, 2009 Barcelona, Spain     AWG-LCA8
AWG-KP10
September 28 – October 9, 2009 Bangkok, Thailand     AWG-LCA7AWG-KP9
June 1 – June 12, 2009 Bonn, Germany   SBI30
SBSTA30
AWG-LCA6
AWG-KP8
March 29 – April 8, 2009 Bonn, Germany     AWG-LCA5
AWG-KP7
December 1 – December 12, 2008 Poznan, Poland COP14
CMP4
SBI29
SBSTA29
AWG-LCA4
AWG-KP6 (Part 2)
August 21 – August 27, 2008 Accra, Ghana     AWG-LCA3
AWG-KP6 (Part 1)
June 2 – June 12, 2008 Bonn, Germany   SBI28
SBSTA28
AWG-LCA2
AWG-KP5 (Part 2)
March 31 – April 4, 2008 Bangkok, Thailand     AWG-LCA1
AWG-KP5 (Part 1)
December 3 – December 15, 2007 Bali, Indonesia COP13
CMP3
SBI27
SBSTA27
AWG4 (Part 2)
August 27 – August 31, 2007       AWG4 (Part 1)
May 7 – May 18, 2007 Bonn, Germany   SBI26
SBSTA26
AWG3
November 6 – November 17, 2006 Nairobi, Kenya COP12
CMP2
SBI25
SBSTA25
AWG2
May 17 – May 26, 2006     SBI24
SBSTA24
AWG1
November 28 – December 10, 2005 Montreal, Canada COP11
CMP1
SBI23
SBSTA23
 
May 19 – May 27, 2005 Bonn, Germany   SBI22
SBSTA22
 
December 6 – December 18, 2004 Buenos Aires, Argentina COP10 SBI21
SBSTA21
 
June 16 – June 25, 2004 Bonn, Germany   SBI20
SBSTA20
 
December 1 – December 12, 2003 Milan, Italy COP9 SBI19
SBSTA19
 
June 4 – June 13, 2003 Bonn, Germany   SBI18
SBSTA18
 
October 23 – November 1, 2002 New Delhi, India COP8 SBI17
SBSTA17
 
June 5 – June 14, 2002 Bonn, Germany   SBI16
SBSTA16
 
October 29 – November 10, 2001 Marrakech, Morocco COP7 SBI15
SBSTA15
 
July 16 – July 27, 2001 Bonn, Germany COP6bis SBI14
SBSTA14
 
November 13 – November 25, 2000 Hague, Netherland COP6 SBI13 (Part 2)
SBSTA13 (Part 2)
 
September 11 – September 15, 2000 Lyon, France   SBI13 (Part 1)
SBSTA13 (Part 1)
 
June 12 – June 16, 2000 Bonn, Germany   SBI12
SBSTA12
 
October 25 – November 5, 1999 Bonn, Germany COP5 SBI11
SBSTA11
 
May 31 – June 11, 1999 Bonn, Germany   SBI10
SBSTA10
 
November 2 – November 14, 1998 Buenos Aires, Argentina COP4 SBI9
SBSTA9
 
June 2 – June 12, 1998 Bonn, Germany   SBI8
SBSTA8
 
December 1 – December 11, 1997 Kyoto, Japan COP3    
October 20 – October 29, 1997 Bonn, Germany   SBI7
SBSTA7
 
July 28 – August 5, 1997 Bonn, Germany   SBI6
SBSTA6
 
February 25 – March 7, 1997 Bonn, Germany   SBI5
SBSTA5
 
December 10 – December 11
and December 16 – December18, 1996
Geneva, Switzerland   SBI4
SBSTA4
 
July 8 – July 19, 1996 Geneva, Switzerland COP2 SBI3
SBSTA3
 
February 27 – March 8, 1996 Geneva, Switzerland   SBI2
SBSTA2
 
August 28 – September 1, 1995 Geneva, Switzerland   SBI1
SBSTA1
 
March 28 – April 7, 1995 Berlin, Germany COP1    
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