Japan's Official Development Assistance White Paper 2009
(4) Securing the Safety of Personnel Engaged in Development Assistance
The public order in developing countries where ODA personnel are involved in development operations varies considerably and changes constantly. In addition, since the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, tensions in the Middle East and South Asia have increased. As well, frequent global terrorist activities still exist. In implementing peace building activities, how to safeguard ODA personnel has become a considerably critical issue.
In Japan, the government examines the domestic security situation in the country through mainly Japanese embassies, provides travel information, and exchanges and shares information among people engaging in ODA. JICA takes measures such as providing particular training and seminars before they leave Japan, ensuring communication means in emergency situations in the destination, deploying safety officers, (Note 58) and installing security equipment in the living quarters of ODA personnel. In addition, JICA prepares security manuals tailored to the security conditions of the various countries and regions by exchanging information with Japanese embassies and local offices of international organizations, and it implements other appropriate and timely security measures. As well, efforts are being made to enhance safety, as joint training for emergency and risk management is conducted with JICA and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). In terms of grant aid, JICA provides information for consultants and construction contractors, while also improving the system for communication during emergencies. As for loan aid, efforts are made to ensure the safety of Japanese corporations that take on projects through such measures as the provision of information.
(58) In order to strengthen safety measures in local areas, since before the merger JICA has employed as safety officers those people who are well versed in the security and safety measures of the country concerned. In this way, JICA seeks the capabilities of collecting and offering information and around-the-clock response to a wide range of tasks from housing security to traffic accidents.