International Law and Treaties

Law of the Sea

March 23, 2016

Law of the Sea

For Japan, a maritime nation surrounded by sea, the international law of the sea based primarily on the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is indispensable for securing its maritime rights and interests as well as for undertaking maritime activities smoothly.

Japan has been actively promoting the rule of law at sea, including by contributing to the three organs established by UNCLOS, such as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS), the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) and the International Seabed Authority (ISA).