Japan-Cambodia Summit Meeting
On November 12, commencing at 3:35 p.m. for approximately 25 minutes, Mr. KISHIDA Fumio, Prime Minister of Japan, who was on a visit to the Kingdom of Cambodia, held a Summit Meeting with Samdech Akka Moha Sena Padei Techo Hun Sen, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia. The summary of the meeting is as follows.
After the meeting, the two learders presided over the signing of an exchange of diplomatic notes regarding four grant aid projects for Cambodia, as well as the signing of an MOU between Toyota Tsusho Corporation and the Cambodian Ministry of Economy and Finance regarding collaboration for the development of Cambodia's automobile industry, and made a Joint Press Announcement. Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary ISOZAKI Yoshihiko and others attended the meeting.
Prime Minister Kishida expressed his respect for Prime Minister Hun Sen as ASEAN Chairman, especially regarding his great efforts to improve the situation in Myanmar, at a time when the region faces many challenges. In response, Prime Minister Hun Sen expressed his gratitude for Japan's support to Cambodia as the ASEAN Chair and also expressed his desire to work closely with Prime Minister Kishida in addressing various regional and international situations.
2. Bilateral relations
- (1) Overview
The two leaders agreed to upgrade the bilateral relations to a “comprehensive strategic partnership” on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries next year, on the basis of the progress made in the bilateral cooperation in recent years. They also agreed to take this opportunity to further enhance cooperation bilaterally.
- (2) Security cooperation
Prime Minister Kishida expressed Japan’s intention to continue dispatching vessels of Japanese Maritime Self-Defence Force to Cambodia and to promote visits to the Ream Naval Base by JMSDF personnel and goodwill training. The two leaders confirmed to promote various security cooperation.
- (3) Economic relations
Prime Minister Kishida stated that Japan intends to cooperate in the industrial development of Cambodia and the fostering of industrial human resources. In response, Prime Minister Hun Sen highly appreciated the contribution of Japanese companies to Cambodia's economy and industry and expressed his desire to attract more investment from Japanese companies.
- (4) Promotion of cooperation in new areas
The two leaders welcomed the signing of new four grant aid projects, including a cyber security project, which they characterized as a first step toward new cooperation in the digital and economic security areas that were identified as new areas of cooperation in the Summit Meeting in March. Prime Minister Kishida also expressed Japan’s intention to continue to work together on the construction of a 5G network and the development of human resources and his desire to work together to realize the concept of “Asia Zero Emissions Community”.
- (5) Democracy and human rights
Prime Minister Kishida stated that Japan will continue to support the democratic development of Cambodia and expressed his hope that the general elections next year will be held in a free and fair manner and reflect the diverse voices from the Cambodian people. Prime Minister Hun Sen stated that he will make efforts to hold free and fair elections.
- (6) 70th anniversary of the establishment of Japan-Cambodia diplomatic relations
Prime Minister Kishida expressed his hope that as next year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Cambodia, more exchanges will take place between the two countries, including those through tourism.
3. Regional and international situations
- (1) Situation in Ukraine
Prime Minister Kishida highly appreciated that Cambodia, along with Japan, became a co-sponsor of the resolution at the UN General Assembly in October. Prime Minister Kishida also stated that Russia's nuclear threat is absolutely unacceptable and it goes without saying that the Russia should never use nuclear weapons under any circumstances, adding that it is essential for the international community to be united in sending a clear message. In response, Prime Minister Hun Sen stated that the international community needs to send a clear message opposing the use of nuclear weapons, and Cambodia became a co-sponsor of the resolution at the UN General Assembly in October. The two leaders expressed their desire to cooperate in actively contributing to measures to deal with clearing landmines in third countries, including Ukraine.
- (2) Regional situation
The two leaders also exchanged views on situations surrounding North Korea and the East and South China Seas. Prime Minister Kishida expressed his gratitude to Cambodia for consistently standing with the Japanese people in dealing with North Korea’s nuclear and missile issues and the abductions issue, as well as his will to continue to work together with Cambodia. In response, Prime Minister Hun Sen condemned launches of ballistic missiles by North Korea, including the one which flew over Japanese territory, and expressed his willingness to cooperate toward the immediate resolution of the abductions issue.