Summary of Japan-Iran Consultation
on Disarmament and Non-proliferation Issues
January 27th, 2004
1. Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation
(1) Both sides emphasized the importance of success of the Third Session of the Preparatory Committee for 2005 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
(2) The Iranian side expressed the importance attached to Nuclear Weapon Free Zone in the Middle East and requested a more active role of Japan in this regard. In response, the Japanese side explained that Japan had supported adoption of UN resolutions related weapons of mass destruction (WMD) free zone in the Middle East. In addition, the Japanese side explained that Japan has been working also on Israel to join the WMD related treaties such as NPT, and Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) at a high level.
(3) As for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) issues, the Iranian side briefed in detail measures, including the signing and provisional application of the Additional Protocol, taken by the Iranian authorities to enhance international confidence in its nuclear program and to meet the requirements of the resolution of IAEA Board of Governors in November last year. The Japanese side welcomed the detailed explanation as indicating positive steps. The Japanese side underscored the importance for the Iranian government to fully implement the IAEA resolutions including ratifying the Additional Protocol as soon as possible. The Iranian side noted that the ratification was now undergoing normal procedure in Iran, and reconfirmed their full cooperation with the IAEA to resolve all outstanding issues and bring normalcy to this case.
2. Biological and Chemical Weapons
As for Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)/ Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), both sides stressed the importance of conventions' universalization, which gains a momentum in the wake of Libyan accession to CWC, and of strengthening their national implementation by all member states. The Iranian side explained the current status of its bills to implement CWC/BWC. The Japanese side appreciated Iranian positive and constructive stance in the BWC enhancement process based upon the three-year "work program", particularly in the Annual Meeting of the States Parties held in November 2003.
The Japanese side expressed its expectation to Iranian participation in Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation. The Iranian side also expressed their commitment to the non-proliferation of missile technology.
4. Conventional Weapons
The Japanese side asked the Iranian side to promptly accede to the Convention on Prohibition or Restrictions on the use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (CCW) and its protocols. The Japanese side also asked the Iranian side to take serious consideration on accession to the Mine Ban Treaty against anti-personnel landmines. The Iranian side agreed humanitarian consideration underlining CCW and the Mine Ban Treaty, but cited particular security concerns at its porous borders, which make it difficult at this moment for Iran to join CCW and the Mine Ban Treaty.
5. Bilateral issues
- Both sides agreed to hold bilateral consultations on disarmament and non-proliferation regularly, hopefully more than once a year, to explore the possibility for cooperation in this field. Both sides expressed their hope that mutual understanding would be further deepened through such bilateral consultations.
- Both sides also agreed to explore the possibility for future cooperation in related fields such as medical application.
- The last Japan-Iran Consultation on Disarmament and Non-proliferation Issues was held in Tehran, on July 12th, 2003.
- This time, this consultation was held to follow up the talks between ministers for foreign affairs of Iran and Japan, which was held on January 6th, 2004 in Tehran.
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