Exchange of Diplomatic Notes for the Entry into Force of the Japan-United Arab Emirates (UAE) Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
1. The exchange of diplomatic notes for the entry into force of the “Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of the United Arab Emirates for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy” took place in Abu Dhabi, UAE on June 10. Accordingly, pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement (paragraph 1 of Article 14), this Agreement will enter into force on July 10, the 30th day after the date of the exchange of diplomatic notes. This Agreement was signed at Dubai on May 2, 2013, and was approved in the Japanese Diet on April 18, 2014.
2. This Agreement provides the necessary legal framework for the realization of cooperation between Japan and UAE in the field of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and the following is set forth therein:
(1) Use of nuclear material etc. only for peaceful purposes;
(2) Application of the safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to nuclear material (inspections etc.);
(3) Implementation of measures based on nuclear safety-related conventions;
(4) Application of measures for proper physical protection of nuclear material;
(5) Restriction on the transfer of nuclear material and nuclear-related material, equipment and technology beyond the jurisdiction of Japan and UAE (third country transfer);
(6) Restriction on enrichment and reprocessing of nuclear materials in UAE that are subject to this Agreement; and
(7) Restriction on the transfer of enrichment and reprocessing technologies etc. to the other Party.
3. Japan attaches importance to “the three Ss” of Safeguards, Safety and Security in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and is engaged in strengthening international frameworks in these areas. The conclusion of this Agreement legally ensures peaceful uses and non-proliferation in conducting nuclear energy cooperation between Japan and UAE in a broad range of fields, and establishes a framework contributing to the strengthening of “the three Ss”.