Diplomatic Bluebook 2020

Chapter 2

Japan's Foreign Policy that Takes a Panoramic Perspective of the World Map

4 Central Africa

(1) Cameroon

In November 2018, President Biya established a National Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Committee (DDR) in order to stabilize the English-speaking regions, where independence movement is occurring, and the Far North region threatened by the Islamic extremist organization of Boko Haram. In September 2019, Prime Minister Ngute chaired a national dialogue on the situation in North-West and South-West regions that belongs to the English-speaking regions.

In August, Minister of External Relations Mbella Mbella attended TICAD7 and had a foreign minsters' meeting with Foreign Minister Kono.

(2) Democratic Republic of the Congo

President Tshisekedi was elected in the December 2018 presidential election, took office in January 2019, and established a new ruling coalition in August.

The Ebola outbreak continued in some of the eastern regions, and in July, the World Health Organization declared that it was a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Japan provided emergency relief goods and emergency grant aid as well as dispatching Japan Disaster Relief Infectious Diseases Response Teams.

In August, President Tshisekedi attended TICAD7 and had a summit meeting with Prime Minister Abe. In October, State Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs Tumba visited Japan and had a foreign ministers' meeting with Foreign Minister Motegi.

Japan-Democratic Republic of the Congo Foreign Ministers' Meeting (October 21, Tokyo)Japan-Democratic Republic of the Congo Foreign Ministers' Meeting (October 21, Tokyo)

(3) Central Africa

President Tuadera, in cooperation with the international community, is continuing efforts to revitalize the country from the longstanding political instability. In Khartoum (Sudan) in January, negotiations were held between the Central African Government and armed groups, under mediation from the AU and the UN, and a peace agreement was signed on February 6.

In August, President Tuadera attended TICAD7 and held a summit meeting with Prime Minister Abe.