Climate Change

February 22, 2024

The JCM is a system to cooperate with developing countries for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, under which the amount of emission reduction is assessed as contribution by both partner countries and Japan.

1. Overview of the mechanism

The JCM aims to facilitate diffusion of leading decarbonizing technologies and infrastructure, etc., through investment by Japanese entities, thereby contributing to GHG emission reductions or removals and sustainable development in partner countries. The JCM contributes to the achievement of both countries’ NDCs* by evaluating Japan’s contributions in a quantitative manner and acquiring the part of credit.

As of January 2024, JCM partnership document is signed with 29 countries.

In order to promote the JCM, support is being provided for implementing JCM projects (JCM model projects by Ministry of the Environment of Japan (MOEJ), Asian Development Bank (ADB) trust fund, JCM demonstration projects by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), feasibility studies, etc. and support for administrative processes related to JCM project cycle.

(Note) NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution): The Paris Agreement requests each country to outline and communicate their emissions reduction target every five years.

Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM): Implemented based on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement

2. JCM partner countries

Japan has held consultations for the JCM since 2011 and has established the JCM with Mongolia, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Maldives, Viet Nam, Laos, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Palau, Cambodia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, Chile, Myanmar, Thailand, the Philippines, Senegal, Tunisia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, Georgia, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan, Papua New Guinea, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kyrgyz, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.

  Country Date and Place Signer(Japan) Signer(Partner Country)
1 Mongolia January 8 2013
Amb. SHIMIZU Takenori Sanjaasuren Oyun, Minister for Environment and Green Development
2 Bangladesh March 19 2013
Amb. SADOSHIMA Shiro Shafiqur Rahman Patiwari, Secretary, Ministry of Environment and Forest People’s Republic
3 Ethiopia May 27 2013
Addis Ababa
Amb. KISHIMO Hiroyuki Ahmed Shide, State Minister of Finance and Economic
4 Kenya June 12 2013
Amb. TAKATA Toshihisa ALI D. MOHAMED, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
5 Maldives June 29 2013
ISHIHARA Nobuteru, Minister of the Environment Mariyam Shakeela, Mnister of Environment and Energy
6 Viet Nam July 2 2013
MOTEGI Toshimitsu, Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Nguyen Minh Quang, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment
7 Laos August 7 2013
Amb. YOKOTA Junko Noulinh SINBANDHIT, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment
8 Indonesia August 26 2013
KISHIDA Fumio, Minister for Foreign Affair Hatta Rajasa, Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs
9 Costa Rica December 9 2013
ISHIHARA Nobuteru, Minister of the Environment Rene Castro Salazar, Minister of Environment and Energy
10 Palau January 13 2014
ISHIHARA Nobuteru, Minister of the Environment Charles Obichang, Minister of Public Infrastructure, Industry and Commerce
11 Cambodia April 11 2014
Phnom Penh
Amb. KUMAMARU Yuji SAY Samal, Minister of Environment
12 Mexico July 25 2014
Mexico city
MEGATA Shuichiro
Juan José Guerra Abud, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources
13 Saudi Arabia May 13 2015 (Amb. OKUDA Norihirp) (Abdulaziz bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, Vice Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources)
14 Chile May 26 2015 Santiago Amb. NIKAI Naoto Heraldo Muñoz, Minister of Foreign Affairs
15 Myanmar September 16 2015
Nay pyi Taw
Amb. HIGUCHI Tateshi Thet Thet Zin, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry
16 Thai November 19 2015 Tokyo MARUKAWA Tamayo, Minister of the Environment General Surasak Karnjanarat, Minister of Natural Resources and Environment
17 Philippines January 12 2017 Manila Amb. ISHIKAWA Kazuhide Regina Paz L. Lopez, Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources
18 Senegal August 25 2022
Amb. IZAWA Osamu Adbou Karim SALL, Minister of Environment and Sustainable Development
19 Tunisia August 26 2022
HAYASHI Yoshimasa, Minister for Foreign Affairs Othman JERANDI, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Migration and Tunisian Abroad
20 Azerbaijan September 5 2022
Amb. WADA Junichi Mukhtar BABAYEV, Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources
21 Moldova September 6 2022
Amb. KATAYAMA Yoshihiro Iuliana CANTARAGIU, Minister of Environment
22 Georgia September 13 2022
Amb. IMAMURA Akira Otar Shamugia, Minister of Environmental Protection and Agriculture
23 Sri Lanka October 10 2022
Amb. MIZUKOSHI Hideaki Anil Jasinghe, the Secretary of Ministry of Environment
24 Uzbekistan October 25 2022
Amb. FUJIYAMA Yoshinori Jamsid Khodjayev, Deputy Prime Minister-Minister of Investments and Foreign Trade
25 Papua New Guinea November 18 2022
NISHIMURA Akihiro, Minister of the Environment Simo Kilepa, Minister for Environment, Conservation and Climate Change
26 United Arab Emirates (UAE) April 16 2023
NISHIMURA Yasutoshi, Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Sultan Al Jaber, Minister of Industry and Advanced Technology, UAE Special Envoy for Climate Change
27 Kyrgyz July 6 2023 Bishkek Amb. GODA Hideki, Azamat TEMIRKULOV, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Natural Resources, Ecology and Technical Supervision
28 Kazakhstan October 30 2023 Astana Amb. YAMADA Jun NYSSANBAYEV Yerlan, Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources
29 Ukraine February 19 2024 Tokyo ITO Shintaro, Minister of the Environment Amb.
MATSUDA Kuninori
Ruslan STRILETS, Minister of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources
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