Japan's Contribution to UN Peacekeeping Operations (PKO)

Japan's Contributions Based on the International Peace Cooperation Act

May 14, 2015
Japanese

1. Achievements

(1) Contributions to United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
After enacting the Act, Japan has dispatched personnel to 13 United Nations Peacekeeping Operations (PKO). As of April 2015, Japan is currently dispatching personnel to United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). Self-Defense Forces have been previously dispatched to Cambodia, Mozambique, Golan Heights, East Timor, Sudan and Haiti, and police personnel to Cambodia and East Timor.
(2) Contributions to International Humanitarian Relief Operations
Thus far, Japan has dispatched personnel to 5 International Humanitarian Relief Operations. Self-Defense Forces contingents have been dispatched to operations for Rwandan Refugees, East Timorese Displaced Persons, Afghan Refugees and Iraqi Refugees.
(3) Contributions to International Election Observation Operations
The Act was revised in June 1998 to further improve the Japanese personnel dispatching system. Since then, Japan has dispatched personnel to 9 International Election Observation Operations, including to Bosnia and Herzegovina (twice), East Timor (three times), Congo, Nepal and Sudan. Before the revision, Japan had dispatched personnel to 4 operations in Angola, Cambodia, Mozambique and El Salvador.
(4) In-kind Contributions
Japan has made 27 in-kind contributions to UN Peacekeeping Operations, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), International Organization for Migration (IOM) and United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).

2. Public Opinion

 According to the “Public Opinion Survey on Foreign Affairs” conducted by the Cabinet Office in October 2014, approximately 80% of the people surveyed support Japan's participation in UN Peacekeeping Operations. This illustrates the public's assessment of Japan's achievements to date in contributing to UN Peacekeeping Operations. The Government of Japan continues to engage in publicity efforts on UN Peacekeeping Operations and Japan's participation in these operations to deepen people's understanding and support for these contributions.

Japan's Achievements of International Peace Cooperation Assignments Based on the International Peace Cooperation Act

As of April 2015

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations
Operation Names Personnel Period Numbers of Personnel
1. United Nations Angola Verification Mission II
(UNAVEM II)
Electoral Observers Sep.- Oct. 1992 3 people
2. United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia
(UNTAC)
Military Observers Sep. 1992 - Sep. 1993 8 people×2 times
Civilian Police Oct. 1992 - Jul. 1993 75 people
Troops (Engineering Unit) Sep. 1992 - Sep. 1993 600 people×2 times
Electoral Observers May - Jun. 1993 41 people
3. United Nations Operation in Mozambique
(ONUMOZ)
Staff Officers May 1993 - Jan. 1995 5 people×2 times
Troops (Movement Control Unit) May 1993 - Jan. 1995 48 people×3 times
Electoral Observers Oct. - Nov. 1994 15 people
4. United Nations Observer Mission In El Salvador
(ONUSAL)
Electoral Observers Mar. - Apr. 1994 15 people×2 times
5. United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
(UNDOF)
Staff Officers Feb. 1996 - Jan. 2013 2 people×13 times, 3 people×4 times
Transport Troops Feb. 1996 - Jan. 2013 43 people×33 times+44 people
6. United Nations Mission in East Timor
(UNAMET)
Civilian Police Jul.- Sep. 1999 3 people
7. United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor
(UNTAET)
Troops (Engineering Unit) Mar. - May 2002 680 people
Staff Officers Feb. - May 2002 10 people
8. United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor
(UNMISET)
Troops (Engineering Unit) May. 2002 - Jun. 2004 (680 people continuing from UNTAET)
+680 people
+522 people
+405 people
Staff Officers May 2002 - Jun. 2004 (10 people continuing from UNTAET)
+7 people
9. United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
(UNMIT)
Civilian Police Jul. 2007 - Feb. 2008 2 people×2 times
10. United Nations Mission in Nepal
(UNMIN)
Military Observers Mar. 2007 - Jan. 2011 6 people×4 times
11. United Nations Mission in Sudan
(UNMIS)
Staff Officers Oct. 2008 - Sep. 2011 2 people×6 times
12. United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
(MINUSTAH)
Troops (Engineering Unit) Feb. 2012 - Feb. 2013 203 people
+346 people
+330 people
+330people
+317 people
+317 people
+297 people
+44 people
Staff Officers Feb. 2010 - Jan. 2013 2 people×6 times
13. United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
(UNMIT)
Military Liaison Officers Sep. 2010 - Sep. 2012 2 people×4 times
14. United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
(UNMISS)
Staff Officers Nov. 2011 - present 3 people×5 times
2 people×2 times
Troops (Engineering Unit) Jan. 2012 - present 238 people
+349 people×3 times
+401 people×2 times
+353 people
      Subtotal 10,045 people
International Humanitarian Relief Operations
Operation Names Personnel Period Numbers of Personnel
1. Humanitarian Relief Operations for Rwandan Refugees Troops (Refugee Relief Unit) (including 23 troops dispatched in advance) Sep. - Dec. 1994 283 people
Troops (Airlifting Unit) Sep. - Dec. 1994 118 people
2. Humanitarian Relief Operations for East Timorese Displaced Persons Troops (Airlifting Unit) Nov. 1999 - Feb. 2000 113 people
3. Humanitarian Relief Operations for Afghan Refugees Troops (Airlifting Unit) Oct. 2001 138 people
4. Humanitarian Relief Operations for Iraqi Refugees Troops (Airlifting Unit) (including 6 operations support personnel) Mar. - Apr. 2003 56 people
5. Humanitarian Relief Operations for Iraqi Victims Troops(Airlifting Unit) (including 6 operations support personnel) Jul. - Aug. 2003 104 people
      Subtotal 812 people
International Election Observing Operations
Operation Names Personnel Period Numbers of Personnel
1. Bosnia and Herzegovina general and regional elections Polling Supervisors, Election Observers Sep. 1998 30 people
2. Bosnia and Herzegovina municipal assembly elections Polling Supervisors Mar. - Apr. 2000 11 people
3. East Timor constituent assembly elections Electoral Observers Aug.- Sep. 2001 19 people
4. Kosovo assembly elections Electoral Observers Nov. 2001 6 people
5. East Timor presidential election Electoral Observers Apr. 2002 8 people
6. Congo presidential and national assembly elections Electoral Observers Jul. - Nov. 2006 13 people
7. East Timor presidential and national assembly elections Electoral Observers Apr. - Jul. 2007 36 people
8. Nepal constituent assembly election Electoral Observers Mar. - Apr. 2008 24 people
9. Sudan local referendum Electoral Observers Dec. 2010 - Jan. 2011 15 people
      Subtotal 162 people

Total 10,261 people
(Except the numbers of Liaison and Coordination Personnel)

Japan's Contributions in Kind Based on the International Peace Cooperation Act

As of February 2015

Organization Cabinet Decision Date Supplies
1. United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia
(UNTAC)
11 Sep. 1992
  • 200 t television sets, videocassette players and portable generators
  • 50 medicine sets
2. 22 Jan. 1993
  • 40,000 portable radios
  • 1,000 radio-cassette players
3. United Nations Operation in Mozambique
(ONUMOZ)
26 Jul. 1994
  • 200 television sets and videocassette players
  • 40,000 portable radios
4. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
12 Aug. 1994
  • 1 medicine set etc.
  • 5 first-aid kits
  • 43 large tents
  • 2,600 sleeping mats
  • 3,550 blankets
  • 213 temporary cisterns
  • 1,000 shovels
5. United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
(UNDOF)
15 Dec. 1995
  • complete set of materials and equipment for constructing prefabricated buildings
6. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
6 Apr. 1999
  • 1,000 tents
7. 27 Apr. 1999
  • 10,000 blankets
  • 5,000 sleeping mats
8. United Nations Mission in East Timor
(UNAMET)
22 Jun. 1999
  • 2,000 radios
9. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
22 Oct. 1999
  • 500 tents
  • 9,000 blankets
  • 11,140 sleeping mats
  • 20,000 jerry cans
  • 5,120 plastic sheets
10. International Organization for Migration
(IOM)
23 Mar. 2001
  • 160 tents
  • 1,200 blankets
  • 1,600 plastic sheets
11. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
5 Oct. 2001
  • 315 tents
  • 200 blankets
  • 20 sleeping mats
  • 400 jerry cans
12. 19 Oct. 2001
  • 500 tents
13. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
28 Mar. 2003
  • 160 tents
14. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
5 Oct. 2004
  • 700 tents
15. United Nations Mission in Sudan
(UNMIS)
29 Jul. 2005
  • 27 four-wheel drive vehicles
  • 60 landmine detectors
  • 20 large tents
16. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
31 Oct. 2006
  • 10,000 seeping mats
  • 10,000 jerry cans
  • 4,000 plastic sheets
17. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
6 Nov. 2007
  • 10,000 blankets
  • 10,000 sleeping mats
  • 10,000 jerry cans
  • 4,000 plastic sheets
18. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
28 Dec. 2007
  • 1,000 tents
19. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
28 Oct. 2008
  • 60 water purifiers (with extra filter)
20. United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East
(UNRW)
23 Jan. 2009
  • 29,000 blankets
  • 8,000 plastic sheets
  • 20,000 sleeping mats
21. International Organization for Migration
(IOM)
15 May. 2009
  • 560 tents
  • 30,000 jerry cans
  • 4,000 plastic sheets
  • 10,000 sleeping mats
  • 1,000 mosquito nets
22. United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
(MINUSTAH)
18 Dec. 2012
  • 255 prefabricated housing sets
  • 75 containers
  • 2 generators
  • 1 lighting set
  • 2 fuel tanks
  • and other equipment etc.
23. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
(UNHCR)
22 Jan. 2013
  • 1,000 tents
  • 25,000 blankets
  • 27,500 jerry cans
  • 10,000 plastic sheets
  • 35,000 sleeping mats
24. United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
(UNDOF)
22 Jan. 2013
  • 3 trucks
  • 1 truck tractor
  • 1 trailer low bed
  • 1 bulldozer
  • 1 excavator
25. International Organization for Migration
(IOM)
10 Dec. 2013
  • 800 tents
  • 10,000 jerry cans
  • 10,000 blankets
  • 10,000 sleeping mats
26. United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
(UNMISS)
23 Dec. 2013
  • 10,000 rounds of 5.56mm ammunition
27. 11 Mar. 2014
  • 200 tents
  • 4,000 plastic sheets