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Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Overview of Official Development Assistance (ODA) to China

June 2005

Japanese

Official Development Assistance (ODA) to China began in 1979 and from that time to the present, approximately 3.1331 trillion yen in loan aid (yen loans), 145.7 billion yen in grant aid, and 144.6 billion yen in technical cooperation have been implemented.

Grant Aid

Grant aid is financial assistance that is extended to recipient countries without imposing an obligation of repayment.

Loan Aid

Loan aid involves the provision of loans under relaxed conditions (low interest, long repayment period) to recipient countries. (These are in principle untied loans.)

Technical Cooperation

Technical cooperation involves the technologies being provided to recipient countries to spread the use of technology among people in developing countries and improve technical levels.

Past ODA projects in China included large-scale economic infrastructure projects, including the building of roads, airports and power stations, as well as infrastructure projects in medical and environmental areas. These projects have played a significant role in the realization of China's current economic growth.

For example, through Japanese loan aid (yen loans), a total length of 5,200 km of railway lines were electrified, and in the area of seaports, approximately 60 large-size berths capable of taking ships in excess of 10,000 tons were built. In addition, the China-Japan Friendship Hospital that was established through grant aid is one of the major medical institutions in the Beijing metropolitan area, treating approximately 3,000 patients each day.

Assistance includes more than infrastructure projects. In the area of technical cooperation the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has accepted trainees from China for the purpose of providing assistance to cultivate administrative personnel. As of FY2003 JICA had accepted a cumulative total of over 15,000 trainees, and the Association for Overseas Technical Scholarship (AOTS) had accepted more than 22,000 trainees to nurture the human resources required for industrial promotion. JICA has also dispatched 5,000 experts to China.


Large-scale Economic Infrastructure Projects (Loan Aid)

Airports

Beijing Capital Airport Terminal Area Expansion Project

  • Shanghai Pudong International Airport Construction Project (40.0 billion yen)
  • Beijing Capital Airport Terminal Area Expansion Project (30.0 billion yen)
  • Lanzhou Zhongchuan Airport Expansion Project (6.3 billion yen)
  • Wuhan Tianhe Aerodrome Construction Project (6.3 billion yen)
  • Xi'an Xianyang International Airport Terminal Expansion Project (3.09 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 111.6 billion yen

Railway Lines

Beijing Subway Construction Project

  • Beijing-Qinhuangdao Railway Expansion Project (87.0 billion yen)
  • Guiyang-Loudi Railway Construction Project (30.0 billion yen)
  • Chongqing Urban Railway Construction Project (27.1 billion yen)
  • Beijing Subway Construction Project (19.7 billion yen)
  • Datong-Qinhuangdao Railway Construction Project (18.4 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 641.8 billion yen

Roads

Guiyang-Xinzhai Highway Construction Project

  • Hangzhou-Quzhou Expressway Construction Project (30.0 billion yen)
  • Liangping-Changshou Highway Construction Project (24.0 billion yen)
  • Xinxiang-Zhengzhou Highway Construction Project (23.5 billion yen)
  • Guiyang-Xinzhai Highway Construction Project (15.0 billion yen)
  • Heilongjiang Heihe-Beian Road Construction Project (12.6 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 195.1 billion yen

Seaports

Qinhuangdao Port Expansion Project

  • Qinhuangdao Port Expansion Project (67.4 billion yen)
  • Qingdao Port Expansion Project (59.7 billion yen)
  • Huanghua Port Construction Project (15.4 billion yen)
  • Shenzhen Dapeng Bay Yantian Port 1st Phase Construction Project (14.7 billion yen)
  • Dalian Port Dayao Bay 1st Phase Construction Project (6.7 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 272.6 billion yen

Power Stations

Beijing Shisanling Pumped Storage Power Station Construction Project

  • Tianshengqiao Hydroelectric Power Project (118.0 billion yen)
  • Jiangxi Jiujiang Thermal Power Plant Construction Project (29.6 billion yen)
  • Wuqiangxi Dam Construction Project (25.2 billion yen)
  • Shanhe Thermal Power Plant Construction Project (24.6 billion yen)
  • Beijing Shisanling Pumped Storage Power Station Construction Project (13.0 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 488.2 billion yen

Fertilizer Plants

  • Weihe Chemical Fertilizer Plant Construction Project (26.9 billion yen)
  • Inner Mongolia Chemical Fertilizer Construction Project (21.4 billion yen)
  • Jiujiang Chemical Fertilizer Plant Construction Project (21.4 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 106.3 billion yen

Steel Plants

  • Shanghai Baoshan Infrastructure Improvement Project (31.0 billion yen)

Environment Protection

Beijing Sewage Treatment Plant Construction Project

Prevention of Air Pollution

  • Environment Model City Project (Guiyang, Chongqing, Dalian) (30.7 billion yen)

Forestation

  • Ningxia Afforestation and Vegetation Cover Project (8.0 billion yen)

Sewage System

  • Xiang River Basin Hunan Environment Improvement Project (3.1 billion yen)
  • Beijing Sewage Treatment Plant Construction Project (2.6 billion yen)

Cumulative total of aid in this area excluding the above-mentioned projects: 857.8 billion yen

Human Resources Development Projects

  • Inland Higher Education Project (88.8 billion yen)

Infrastructure Projects in Medical and Environmental Areas

The Project for Construction of the China-Japan Friendship Hospital

  • The Project for Construction of the China-Japan Friendship Hospital (Grant aid: 16.430 billion yen)
  • The Project for Construction of the China-Japan Friendship Environment Protection Center (Grant aid: 10.499 billion yen / Technical cooperation: 1.997 billion yen)

In recent years, ODA to China has predominantly been concentrated in the following areas, in accordance with the Economic Cooperation Program for China.

Projects for resolving environmental issues and other global issues including infectious diseases

The Model Afforestation Project in Sichuan
  • Public Health Improvement Project (Loan aid: 26.218 billion yen)
  • Henan Atmospheric Environmental Improvement Project (Loan aid: 19.295 billion yen)
  • Inner-Mongolia Huhhot Water Environmental Improvement Project (Loan aid: 9.747 billion yen)
  • The Project for Afforestation for Conservation of Middle Stream of Huang He (Grant aid: 1.656 billion yen)
  • Expanding Program on Immunization Strengthening Project (Technical cooperation: 617.000 million yen)
  • The Model Afforestation Project in Sichuan (Technical cooperation: 548.000 million yen)

Assistance for open and reform policy

Sichuan Higher Education Project
  • Inland Higher Education Project (Regional Vitalization, Market Economy Reform Support, and Environmental Conservation) (Loan aid: 25.482 billion yen)
  • Sichuan Higher Education Project (Loan aid: 6.131 billion yen)
  • The Project for Human Resource Development Scholarship (Grant aid: 259.000 million yen (2003))

Promotion of mutual understanding

Japanese Language Instructor to Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
  • Public Broadcasting Infrastructure Improvement Project (Loan aid: 20.202 billion yen)
  • The Project for Development of the Beijing Center for Japanese Studies (Grant aid: 851.000 million yen)
  • Japanese Language Instructor to Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture (JOCV: Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers Program)

Assistance for poverty alleviation

The Project for Tuberculois Control in Poor Areas
  • The Project for Supply of Equipment for the Secondary Vocational Schools (Phase II) (Grant aid: 1.268 billion yen)
  • The Project for Tuberculosis Control in Poor Areas (Grant aid: 321.000 million yen)
  • The Project for Improvement of Medical Equipment for the Neijiang City Red Cross China-Japan Friendship Hospital in Sichuan Province (Grassroots human security grant aid: 9.000 million yen)