Japan-India Relations

September 1, 2014
photo1 (Photo: Cabinet Public Relations Office)
photo2 (Photo: Cabinet Public Relations Office)
photo3 (Photo: Cabinet Public Relations Office)

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe held a Japan-India Summit Meeting with H.E. Mr. Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India on Monday, September 1, from around 6:00 p.m. to around 7:00 p.m.. The overview of the meeting is as follows. After the meeting, the two leaders signed a joint statement entitled "Tokyo Declaration for Japan-India Special Strategic and Global Partnership".

At the beginning, Prime Minister Abe said that he once again welcomed Prime Minister Modi to Japan and that he had a pleasant time renewing their friendship in Kyoto. He also said that the relationship between Japan and India, two major democracies in Asia, is the one blessed with the largest potential for development. In response, Prime Minister Modi said that an enduring spiritual partnership exists between Japan and India and he is happy that this visit has further strengthened our relationship to the Special Strategic and Global Partnership.

1. Politics and Security

  • (1) Prime Minister Abe pointed out that it is important to deepen comprehensive security and defense cooperation between Japan and India and welcomed the signing of the Memorandum of Cooperation and Exchanges in the Field of Defense and the progress in discussion on the US-2 amphibian aircraft. Prime Minister Modi said that the 21st century is called Asia's century and that it is no exaggeration to say that Japan and India and the relationship between Japan and India will determine the characteristics of the 21st century. He also said that he wants to further strengthen the strategic and global partnership between Japan and India.
  • (2) Prime Minister Abe said that he welcomes the strengthening of the Japan-India 2 plus 2 dialogue and the establishment of the Trilateral Foreign Ministers' Meeting of Japan, the U.S. and India in order to deepen dialogue on regional security. He also expressed his expectation for the commencement of working-level discussions aimed at promoting defense equipment cooperation and the continuation of bilateral and trilateral joint maritime exercises. Prime Minister Modi said that the deepening of various dialogues, the commencement of discussions on defense equipment cooperation and the decision to remove Indian entities from Japan's Foreign End User List exemplify the relationship of trust between Japan and India and welcomed these developments.
  • (3) With regard to negotiations on the Agreement for Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy, the two leaders welcomed the significant progress made over the past few months and directed their officials to further accelerate the negotiations with a view to concluding the Agreement at an early date.

2. Economy and Economic Cooperation

  • (1) Prime Minister Abe said that in order to build a win-win relationship through synergies between Modinomics and Abenomics he would like to set a common goal of doubling Japan's direct investment and the number of Japanese companies in India by 2019, and Prime Minister Modi welcomed the idea. Prime Minister Abe said that the Japanese side intends to make an effort to realize 3.5 trillion yen of public and private investment and financing, including Official Development Assistance (ODA), to India over the coming five years. In response, Prime Minister Modi said that the assistance extended by Japan over many years has made a huge contribution to India's inclusive economic development, for which he conveyed his gratitude.
  • (2) Prime Minister Abe expressed his expectation for Prime Minister Modi's leadership in improving the business environment in India, including the easing of regulations and the stabilization of the system. In response, Prime Minister Modi said he intends to establish a Japan Help Desk as a "one-stop" location for resolving problems faced by Japanese companies.
  • (3) Regarding cooperation on infrastructure, Prime Minister Abe expressed his hope that India will introduce Japan's Shinkansen system. Prime Minister Modi replied that it is his personal dream to connect India with high speed railways and expressed his gratitude for Japan's implementation of a feasibility study on a high speed railway system. In addition, he emphasized the importance of strengthening regional connectivity and cleaning up the Ganges (Ganga) River. Prime Minister Abe pledged a yen loan of 50 billion yen to India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL) and a yen loan of 15.6 billion yen for a plan to construct a sewerage system in Northeast India, for which Prime Minister Modi expressed his appreciation.

3. People-to-people and Academic Exchanges

Prime Minister Abe explained his goal of achieving a society in which women shine and said he wants to advance cooperation with India, too. He also mentioned the importance of substantially increasing the number of international students and fundamentally strengthening cooperation in science and technology. Prime Minister Modi said he shares recognition on the importance of cooperation in cutting edge fields of science and technology and youth exchanges.

4. Regional Affairs, Global Challenges

  • (1) The two leaders expressed concern over North Korea's continued development of its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programs, including its uranium enrichment activities and recent ballistic missile launches. In addition, Prime Minister Abe also requested India's further cooperation in resolving the abductions issue.
  • (2) With regard to the UN reform, the two leaders shared the view that close cooperation between Japan and India is the driving force of the G4 and concrete outcomes should be obtained in the lead up to the 70th anniversary of the UN.

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