Japan-Mexico Relations

Japan-Mexico Relations (Basic Data)

April 23, 2018

Basic Data

Diplomatic relations:

Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation concluded in 1888 (Japan's first "equal" treaty with a Western country).

Treaties and agreements:

  • 1954, cultural agreement;
  • 1969, trade agreement;
  • 1972, aviation agreement, understanding on mutual visa exemption;
  • 1978, tourism agreement;
  • 1986, technical cooperation agreement;
  • 1993, understanding on dispatch of Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers.
  • 1996, convention for the avoidance of double taxation
  • 2005, Agreement between Japan and the United Mexican States for the Strengthening of the Economic Partnership

Japanese and ethnic Japanese:

  • Number of Japanese residing in Mexico: 11,390 (October 2016 survey).
  • Population of Japanese descent: approx. 20,000

Trade between Japan and Mexico (2017):

  • Japan's Exports to Mexico: $11,271 million (automobile parts, automobile, flat roll product of iron, parts of audio and video equipment, metal working machinery).
  • Japan’s Imports from Mexico: $5,776 million (electrical machinery, scientific optical instrument, pork, general machinery, salt, fruit, automobile, nonferrous metals).

Japanese companies in Mexico:

  • 1,111 (October 2016 survey).

Direct investment from Japan:

According to a survey by the Ministry of Finance Japan, Japanese investments for 2016 marked a total of 276.3 billion yen.

Historical Sketch

Japan and Mexico have a tradition of friendly relations; the contacts between them date back to 1609.

Year History
1609 Governor General of the Philippines Rodrigo de Vivero is shipwrecked off the coast of Onjuku, has an audience with Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu.
1610 The governor general and his party set off for Acapulco in a 120-ton ship provided by the shogunate.
1614 Hasekura Tsunenaga and his party travel through Mexico (arriving in Acapulco and departing from Veracruz) on their way to an audience with the pope in Rome.
1619 Hasekura Tsunenaga and his party return from Rome to Mexico, departing from Acapulco and returning to Japan via Manila.
1821 Mexico becomes independent of Spain.
1888 Conclusion of Japan-Mexico Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation (Japan's first "equal" treaty with a Western country).
1897 The 35 members of the so-called Enomoto Colonization Party settle in the Mexican state of Chiapas, marking the first organized emigration from Japan to Latin America.
1952 Mexico becomes the second country to ratify the San Francisco Peace Treaty (preceded only by the United Kingdom).

Japan's Economic Cooperation

  • Loans: 229.6 billion yen
  • Grants: 6.1 billion yen
  • Technical cooperation: 75.6 billion yen

Cultural Grant (cumulative total fiscal 1975-2004)

  • 1,407.5 million yen (Cultural Grant Aid)
  • 231.9 million yen (Grant Aid for Cultural Heritage)
  • 4.6 million yen (Grant Assistance for Cultural Grassroots Projects)

Cultural and Other Relations

(1) Japan-Mexico Trainee and Student Exchange Program:

Concept proposed by President Echeverría commenced in 1971. Initially provided for the annual acceptance of 100 trainees by each country from the other, with costs borne by the host country, for a year's exchange. Now provides for the acceptance of 50 trainees by each.

(2) Japan-Mexico Lyceum:

Opened in 1977. A unique international school in which children from Japan and Mexico are educated in accordance with their respective countries' curriculums. Concept took concrete shape when Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka visited Mexico in 1974.

Visits by Eminent Persons

Mexico to Japan:
Year Name
1990 President and Mrs. Carlos Salinas de Gortari
1991 Minister of Foreign Affairs Fernando Solana
1993 President Carlos Salinas de Gortari
1995 Minister of Foreign Affairs Josú Angel Gurría
Minister of Trade and Industrial Development Herminio Blanco
President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León
1996 Minister of Foreign Affairs José Angel Gurría
Minister of Trade and Industrial Development Herminio Blanco
Minister of Finance Guillermo Ortiz
1997 President and Mrs. Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León
1998 Minister of Foreign Affairs Rosario Green
Minister of Trade and Industrial Development Herminio Blanco
President Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León
1999 Minister of Trade and Industrial Development Herminio Blanco
2000 Minister of Foreign Affairs Rosario Green
Minister of Finance José Angel Gurría
Minister of Trade and Industrial Development Herminio Blanco
2001 President Vicente Fox Quesada
2002 Minister of Foreign Affairs Jorge Castañeda
Minister of Finance Francisco Gil Díaz
2003 President Vicente Fox Quesada Minister of Foreign Affairs Luis Ernesto Derbez
2004 President of the House of Representatives Enrique Jackson
2005 Minister of Foreign Affairs Luis Ernesto Derbez
Minister of Finance Francisco Gil Díaz
2006 Minister of Finance Francisco Gil Díaz
2007 President of the House of Representatives Jorge Zermeño Infante
Minister of Foreign Affairs Patricia Espinosa Cantellano
2008 President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa Minister of Foreign Affairs Patricia Espinosa Cantellano
2010 President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa
Minister of Foreign Affairs Patricia Espinosa Cantellano
Minister of Finance Ernesto Javier Cordero Arroyo
2011 President of the House of Representatives Jorge Carlos Ramírez Marín
Minister of Finance Ernesto Javier Cordero Arroyo
2012 President of the House of Senates José González Morfín
Minister of Finance José Antonio Meade Kuribreña
2013 Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto
Minister of Foreign Affairs José Antonio Meade Kuribreña
2014 Minister of Foreign Affairs José Antonio Meade Kuribreña
2015 President of the House of Representatives Miguel Barbosa
2016 Minister of Tourism Enrique De La Madrid Cordero
2017 Minister of Foreign Affairs Luis Videgaray Caso, Minister of Finance Ildefonso Guajardo Villarreal, Minister of Agriculture Jose Calzada
Japan to Mexico:
Year Name
1990 Foreign Minister Taro Nakayama
1992 Crown Prince Naruhito, Finance Minister Tsutomu Hata
1993 Foreign Minister Kabun Muto
1994 Special envoy Soichiro Ito
1995 Former Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone
1996 President of the House of Councillors Juro Saito
Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto
1997 Prince and Princess Akishino
(Centenary of Japanese immigration to Mexico)
1998 Minister of Education Nobutaka Machimura
1999 Former Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu
2000 Special envoy Masaaki Nakayama
2001 President of the House of Representatives Tamisuke Watanuki
2002 Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
2003 Foreign Minister Yoriko Kawaguchi
Former Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto
President of the House of Councillors Hiroyuki Kurata
2004 Former Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto
Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
2006 Crown Prince Prime Naruhito
Former Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto
Special envoy Hidenao Nakagawa
2007 Foreign Minister Aso Taro
2010 President of the House of Representatives Takahiro Yokomichi
2012 Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda
2013 Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida
2014 Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Prince and Princess Akishino
2015 Minister of Justice Yoko Kamikawa
President of the House of Councillors Masaaki Yamazaki
2016 State Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoji Muto
2017 State Minister for Foreign Affairs Kentaro Sonoura,
Parliamentary Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Shunsuke Takei
2018 Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization Toshimitsu Motegi, State Minister for Foreign Affairs Masahisa Sato