Japan-Belgium Relations

November 29, 2019

Basic Data

Diplomatic Relations:

  • Established in 1866 with the signing of the Treaty of Amity, Commerce and Navigation.

Japanese Nationals:

  • Number of Japanese nationals residing in Belgium: 5,896 (Oct. 2018)
  • Number of Belgian nationals residing in Japan: 874 (Jun. 2018)

Trade with Japan:

  • Exports (2018): 753 billion yen (machinery, transport equipment, motor vehicles and parts, chemicals, electrical machinery, construction and mining machines, etc.)
  • Imports (2018): 339 billion yen (chemicals, pharmaceutical products, motor vehicles, food, diamonds, chemical products, etc.)

Direct Investment:

a. Flow (2018)
Japan to Belgium: 186 billion yen
Belgium to Japan: 67 billion yen
b. Stock (2018)
Japan to Belgium: 2.41 trillion yen
Belgium to Japan: 83.2 billion yen

VIP Visits

From Japan to Belgium
Year Name
1990 His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince
Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu with his wife
Foreign Minister Taro Nakayama
1991 Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu
International Trade and Insustry Minister Eiichi Nakao
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister Motoji Kondo
1993 Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress (twice)
1994 Prime Minister Tsutomu Hata
1996 Foreign Minister Yukihiko Ikeda
1997 Foreign Minister Yukihiko Ikeda
1999 Former Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto
His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince and Crown Princess
2000 Foreign Minister Yohei Kono
International Trade and Industry Minister Takashi Fukaya
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister Tokuichiro Tamazawa
2001 Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
2002 Foreign Minister Yoriko Kawaguchi
2005 Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Itsunori Onodera
Foreign Minister Nobutaka Machimura
Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Shintaro Ito
2006 Foreign Minister Taro Aso
Minister of State for Special Missions Koki Chuma
Parliamentary Senior Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Takeshi Iwaya
2007 Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Defense Minister Fumio Kyuma
2008 Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Yasutoshi Nishimura
2009 Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Yasutoshi Nishimura
2010 Prime Minister Naoto Kan
2011 State Minister in charge of Financial and Postal Issues Shozaburo Jimi
Foreign Minister Takeaki Matsumoto
Prime Minister Naoto Kan
2013 State Minister for Foreign Affairs Masaji Matsuyama
2014 Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
Her Majesty the Empress
2015 Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida
2016 State Minister of Foreign Affairs Yoji Muto
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
2017 Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
2018 Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Yoshimasa Hayashi
From Belgium to Japan
Year Name
1990 Their Majesties King Baudouin and the Queen Fabiola
Deputy Prime Minister Dehaene
1991 Deputy Prime Minister Claes
1992 Their Majesties King Baudouin and the Queen Fabiola
Foreign Minister Claes
1993 His Royal Highness Prince Albert
Prime Minister Dehaene
1994 His Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe
1996 Their Majesties King Albert and Queen Paola
Foreign Minister Derycke
1997 His Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe
1998 Deputy Prime Minister Di Rupo
1999 His Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe
2000 Their Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe and Princess Mathilde
2001 Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt
2002 Finance Minister Didier Reynders
Their Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe and Princess Mathilde
Minister, attached to the Foreign Minister Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck
2003 His Royal Highness Prince Laurent
Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt
2005 His Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe
Foreign Minister Karel De Gucht
Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt
Finance Minister Didier Reynders
2006 Chief of Defence August Van daele
2008 Economy and Administrative Simplification Minister Vincent Van Quickenborne
2010 Prime Minister Yves Leterme
Foreign Minister Steven Vanackere
2011 Minister-President of the Government of Flanders Kris Peeters
2012 Their Royal Highness Crown Prince Philippe and Princess Mathilde
Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Didier Reynders
Minister-President of the Walloon Region Rudy Demotte
Finance Minister Steven Vanackere
2013 Her Royal Highness Princess Astrid
2014 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Laura
2015 Prime Minister Charles Michel, Vice-Prime Minister and Employment, Economy and Consumers Minister Kris Peeters, State Secretary of the Brussels-Capital Region for Foreign Trade Cécile Jodogne
2016 Their Majesties King Philippe and Queen Mathilde,
Minister-President of the Brussels-Capital Region Vervoort,
Minister-President of the Flanders Bourgeois,
Minister-President of the French Community Demotte,
Minister-President of the Walloon Region Magnette,
State Secretary of the Brussels-Capital Region for Foreign Trade Cécile Jodogne
2017 President of the Chamber of Representatives Siegfried Bracke
2018 Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Didier Reynders
2019 Their Majesties King Philippe and Queen Mathilde

Recent Trends

Belgium and Japan are enjoying the close friendship between the royal and imperial family. In recent years, Their Majesties King Philippe and Queen Mathilde paid a State Visit to Japan in 2016, on the 150th anniversary of the establishment of the diplomatic relations between Japan and Belgium. They also visited Japan to attend the Ceremony of Enthronement of His Majesty the Emperor in 2019.

Exchanges of high-level officials between the two governments are also active; Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel (at that time) visited Tokyo in 2015 and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited Brussels in May 2016 and in July 2017.

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