Africa

August 28, 2023

General

Japan and Egypt have traditionally enjoyed cordial relations. Considering Egypt to be a very important country for the stability of the Middle East, Japan regards these bilateral relations as the axis of its diplomacy in the region. These bilateral relations have steadily developed through increased political, economic, and cultural exchanges between the two countries.

On the summit level, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited Egypt in January 2015 and President Abdel-Fatah El-Sisi visited Japan in February to March 2016. Since then, the bilateral relationship between Japan and Egypt witness a new leap by enhancing the cooperation on Education, Human and Cultural Exchange as well as on the Sustainable and Comprehensive Economic and Social Development.

In 2019, President Abdel-Fatah El-Sisi accompanied by Ministers visited Japan twice for G20 Osaka Summit on June and for TICAD7 on August. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe co-chaired TICAD7 with President El-Sisi. Though high level visits between two countries had been restricted due to the outbreak of the new coronavirus after 2020, Minister of State for Youth and Sports Ashraf Sobhy Amer attended the Opening Ceremony of the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympic Games in August 2021, and Minister for Foreign Affairs, MOTEGI Toshimitsu visited Egypt to have the bilateral meetings with President El-Sisi and Foreign Minister Shoukry in the same month.

Most recently, Prime Minister KISHIDA Fumio visited Egypt in April 2023 and held a summit meeting with President El-Sisi. The two leaders agreed to deepen bilateral relations by elevating the Japan-Egypt relations to a "Strategic Partnership".

Diplomatic Relations

1922 Japan recognizes Egypt's independence.
1926 Japan opens a consulate general in Alexandria
1930 Japan and Egypt concluded Provisional Commercial Arrangement
1936 Japan opens a legation in Egypt (The legation and the consulate general closed during World War II and the legation reopened in 1952).
1953 Egypt opens a legation in Tokyo.
1982 Japan opens a consular office in Alexandria.
2004 Japan closes a consular office in Alexandria.

Treaties and Agreements

1957 Cultural Agreement between Japan and Egypt
1963 Agreement between Japan and the United Arab Republic for Air Services
1969 Convention between Japan and the Arab Republic of Egypt for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Income Taxes
1978 Agreement between Japan and the Arab Republic of Egypt Concerning the Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment
1984 Agreement on Technical Cooperation between Japan and the Arab Republic of Egypt
1995 General Agreement of the Dispatch of Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers
2009 Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt concerning the Establishment of Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST)
2010 Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on Co-operation in Science and Technology

Japanese Residents in Egypt

  • There are 764 Japanese residents in Egypt (as of October 2022).
  • Approximately 14,000 Japanese visited Egypt in 2020.

Economic Relations

Japan and Egypt have long enjoyed good and friendly economic relations. Currently, about 51 Japanese companies are operating in Egypt in such sectors as car manufacture, electric production, etc.

(1) Exports and Imports (2020)
  • Exports to Japan 34.9 billion yen (natural gas, crude oil, petroleum products, textiles, etc.)
  • Imports from Japan: 119.6 billion yen (automobile, general machinery, etc.)
(2) Direct Investment from Japan to Egypt
  • $73.7 million (Source: 2021/2022 Central Bank of Egypt)
(3) The number of Japanese Companies in Egypt
  • 51 companies (Car, Electric Products, etc.) (as of October, 2021)

Economic Cooperation

Japan has supported the development efforts of Egypt since 1954 through grant aid and yen loans and technical cooperation. Japan has put priority on the following areas for the bilateral assistance to Egypt.

(1) Priority areas of assistance
(a) Realization of sustainable growth and employment creation
  • The projects in this area include development of infrastructure for transportation such as Cairo Metro Line No.4, Borg el-Arab Airport, etc.
(b) Poverty reduction and improvement of living standard
  • Recent projects include provision of support for Cairo University Specialized Pediatric Hospital, and for villages in various locations to enhance their agricultural development and productivity.
(c) Cooperation on Education, Human and Cultural Exchange and Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM)
  • Based on the belief that the education and development of human resources are foundation of a nation building, Japan and Egypt have been promoting the Egypt-Japan Education Partnership (EJEP).
  • Japan has been supporting the construction of Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM), which symbolizes the friendly and cooperative relations between the two nations, by providing yen loan and technical cooperation in the field of conservation and restoration of cultural properties and exhibition management.
(2) Accumulated Amount of Aid (up to FY 2020)
  • Loans: 738.6 billion yen
  • Grant aid: 159.3 billion yen
  • Technical cooperation: 87.6 billion yen

Cultural Exchange and Cooperation

Cairo is the only city in which Information and Culture Center of Embassy of Japan and Japan Foundation's office are located in the Middle East and African region. Making use of this, cultural exchange activities have been conducted.

  • Cultural Grant Aid (Up to FY 2021): 1.133 billion yen for 27 projects.(in the field of archeology, Japanese language education, sports, etc.)

Scientific and Technological Cooperation

The Project of Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST), which seeks to establish a research-oriented Egyptian national university of science and technology with a Japanese style approach expected to be a central educational hub in the Middle East and the Arab, was opened and the inauguration ceremony was held on June 3 2010.

Visits by Eminent Persons

Visits to Egypt
Year Name
1999 Foreign Minister, KOUMURA Masahiko
2000 I.H. Prince and Princess Takamado
2001 Former Prime Minister, KAIFU Toshiki
State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, SUGIURA Seiken
Former Prime Minister, HASHIMOTO Ryutaro
2002 Former Foreign Minister, KOUMURA Masahiko (Special Envoy for Prime Minister KOIZUMI Junichiro)
2003 Former Foreign Minister, KOUMURA Masahiko (Special Envoy for Prime Minister KOIZUMI Junichiro)
Prime Minister, KOIZUMI Junichiro
Foreign Minister, KAWAGUCHI Yoriko
2004 Former Prime Minister, HASHIMOTO Ryutaro
State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, AISAWA Ichirou (Special Envoy for Prime Minister KOIZUMI Junichiro)
Foreign Minister, MACHIMURA Nobukata (International Conference on Iraq at Sharm El-Sheikh)
2005 The Speaker of the House of Representatives, KONO Yohei
2006 Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, KOSAKA Kenji
Minister of Environment, KOIKE Yuriko
2007 Prime Minister, ABE Shinzo
Foreign Minister, ASO Taro (Ministerial Meeting on Iraq at Sharm El-Sheikh)
Former Foreign Minister, NAKAYAMA Taro (The Japan and Arab Dialogue Forum)
2008 Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, UNO Osamu
Minister of State for Scientific and Technology Policy, KISHIDA Fumio
Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, SHIBAYAMA Masahiko
2009 State Secreatry for Foreign Affairs, ITO Shintaro (The International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Economy for the Reconstruction of Gaza)
Foreign Minister, NAKASONE Hirofumi
I. H. Princess Takamado
2010 State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, TAKEMASA Koichi
2011 Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, TOKUNAGA Hisashi
2012 Foreign Minister, GEMBA Koichiro
2014 State Minister for Foreign Affiars, KISHI Nobuo
State Minister for Foreign Affiars, NAKAYAMA Yasuhide
State Minister for Foreign Affiars, KIUCHI Minoru
State Minister for Foreign Affiars, NAKAYAMA Yasuhide
2015 Prime Minister, ABE Shinzo
Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, SONOURA Kentaro (as the representative of Japan
for the Egypt Economic Development Conference in March and for the Inauguration of New Suez Canal)
2016 Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, TAKIZAWA Motome
State Minister for Foreign Affiars, SONOURA Kentaro
2017 Special Advisor to the Prime Minister, KAWAI Katsuyuki
Rules and Administration Committee, House of Representatives
Minister for Foreign Affairs, KONO Taro
President, House of Councillors, National Diet of Japan, DATE Chuichi
2018 Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, HORII Manabu
2019 Special Advisor to the Prime Minister, SONOURA Kentaro
Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, NAKATANI Shinichi
2021 Minister for Foreign Affairs, MOTEGI Toshimitsu
2022 Governor of Tokyo Metropolitan Government, KOIKE Yuriko
Minister for Environment, NISHIMURA Akihiko
2023 Prime Minister KISHIDA Fumio
Committee of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, House of Representatives
State Ministers for Foreign Affairs, YAMADA Kenji
State Ministers for the Cabinet Office, WADA Yoshiaki
Visits to Japan
Year Name
1999 President Mohamed Hosny Mubarak (followed by 1983 and 1995)
2001 Minister of Irrigation and Water Resouces, Dr. Mahmoud Abu Zeid
Minister of Telecommunication and Information, Ahmed Nazif
2002 Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, Fayza Abul Naga
2003 Minister of Foreign Trade, Dr. Youssef Boutros Ghali
2004 Minister of State for the Environment Affairs, Mamdouh Reyad
2005 Minister of International Cooperation, Fayza Abul Naga
Minister of Foreign Trade and Industry, Rasheed Mohamed Rasheed
2006 Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ahmed Aboul Gheit
Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dr. Hany Hilal
2007 Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dr. Hany Hilal
Minister of State for Administrative Development, Ahmad Darwish
2008 Minister of Tourism, Zoheir Garranah
Minister of Investment, Mahmoud Mohieddin
Minister of Irrigation and Water Resouces, Dr. Mahmoud Abu Zeid,
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ahmed Aboul Gheit (TICAD IV)
Minister of Finance, Dr. Youssef Boutros Ghali
Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Dr. Hany Hilal
2010 Grand Mufty, Sheikh Ali Gomaa
Former Minister of Irrigation and Water Resouces, Dr. Mahmoud Abu Zeid
2012 Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mohamed Kamel Amr
Minister of Tourism, Mounir Fakhry Abdel Nour
Minister of Scientific Research, Nadia Zakhary
Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, Ashraf El-Arabi
Minister of Finance, Momtaz El-Saed
Governor of Central Bank of Egypt, Farouk Okuda
2013 Prime Minister, Hesham Kandir
Minister of International Cooperation, Amr Darag
Minister of Scientific Research, Ramzy George Stino
Minister of Antiquite, Mohamed Ibrahim
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nabil Fahmy
2015 Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sameh Shoukry
2016 President Abdel-Fatah El-Sisi
Minister of Antiquities, Khaled Anani
2017 Minister of Electricity and Renewable Energy, Mohamed Shaker
Speaker of the House of Representatives, Aly Abdel-Aal
Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, Lieutenant General Mahmoud Hegazy Coptic Pope, Tawadros II
Minister of Investment and International Cooperation,Sahr Nasr
2018 Minister of Education and Technical Education, Tarek Shawki
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sameh Shoukry (TICAD Ministerial Meeting, Japan-Egypt Foreign Ministers’ Strategic Dialogue)
2019 President Abdel-Fatah El-Sisi and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry and other Ministers (G20 Osaka Summit)
President Abdel-Fatah El-Sisi and Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry and other Ministers (TICAD 7)
Minister of Antiquities Khaled Ahmed El-Anani (Ceremony of the Enthronement)
2021 Minister of State for Youth and Sports, Ashraf Sobhy Amer (TOKYO Olympic 2020)
2022 Minister of Transportation, Kamel El-Wazir (The late Shinzo Abe's state funeral)
2023 Chairman of Suez Canal Economic Zone, Mr. Waleid Gamal Eldien
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