Japan-Russia Summit Meeting
September 5, 2000
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1. Peace Treaty Negotiations
(1) The two leaders conducted thorough peace treaty negotiations based upon the respective positions of their countries.
- Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori expressed his wish to find a solution acceptable to both sides, centered around the demarcation of the Japan-Russia border between Etorofu and Urup islands.
- President Vladimir Putin said that Japan's idea was courageous and carefully considered, but it did not entirely correspond to Russia's idea, therefore negotiations should be continued. Also, President Putin confirmed that the 1956 Japan-Soviet Joint Declaration, the 1993 Tokyo Declaration, and the 1998 Moscow Declaration were included in the bilateral agreements that should be depended on in the negotiations.
- President Putin stated that the two sides could study an interim measure, that is, the conclusion of a treaty of friendship and cooperation as an option that could be considered at present.
- In response to President Putin's idea, Prime Minister Mori stated that the biggest problem here would be that the treaty signed by the end of 2000 would not be a peace treaty.
(2) Through their negotiations, the two leaders agreed on the following points and signed a statement.
- The two sides will continue efforts for the realization of the Krasnoyarsk Agreement, which stipulated that they would "make their utmost effort to conclude a peace treaty on the basis of the Tokyo Declaration by the year 2000."
- The two sides will continue negotiations to conclude a peace treaty by resolving the issue of the attribution of the four islands based on all the bilateral agreements so far.
- The two sides will adopt the following measures in order to enhance the efficiency of the peace treaty negotiations: -- The formulation of new measures to accelerate the peace treaty negotiations
-- The revision of the joint compendium of related documents on the history of the territorial problem between Japan and Russia
-- The activation of efforts to explain the importance of concluding a peace treaty to the public
2. Development of Japan-Russia Cooperation in the Economic Field
The two leaders signed a new cooperation program to advance the Hashimoto-Yeltsin Plan and to stimulate the basic direction of cooperation between Japan and Russia in the trade and economic fields. The main items of the program are as follows:
-- The promotion of trade and establishment of a good investment climate
-- The promotion of economic reform in Russia
-- The integration of Russia into the international economic system
-- The preservation and use of energy, environmental, and biological resources
-- Science and technology and space
-- Peaceful use of nuclear energy and support for the destruction of nuclear weapons
-- Regional-level cooperation (especially between Japan and the Russian Far East and Siberia)
3. Promotion of Strategic and Geopolitical Relations Between Japan and Russia
(1) The two leaders signed a Joint Statement on the Issue of a cooperation between Japan and Russia on international affairs, which outlines the common standpoints and cooperation between Japan and Russia on various international issues. (In this statement, relating to U.N. reform, Russia states that it supports Japan's candidacy to become a permanent member of the Security Council.)
(2) The two leaders welcomed the expanding exchange between Japan and Russia in the fields of security and defense and confirmed that the Russian defense minister would visit Japan in November of this year.
(3) The two leaders exchanged opinions on such issues as the situation on the Korean Peninsula, the U.N. Millennium Summit, and the situation in Southwest Asia.
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