Japan's Official Development Assistance White Paper 2006

Box II-2. Outline of "Water and Sanitation for Broad Partnership Initiative (WASABI)"

About the Initiative

- The Initiative is a sector assistance policy based on the ODA Charter and the Medium-term Policy on ODA.

- It is a policy document showing the basic policies and concrete measures of Japan's assistance on water and sanitation.

- The Government of Japan launched it on the occasion of the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico.

1. Japan's Basic Position

- Water is essential for life and is an extremely important element in achieving the MDGs.

- In the current situation, many people in developing countries don't have access to safe drinking water or basic sanitation.

- Japan has a comparative advantage on water and sanitation, and has implemented $4.6 billion of ODA in the past five years.

- Japan will utilize its experience, expertise, and technology to implement high-quality assistance.

2. Basic Policies

Japan will support the self-help efforts of developing countries on water and sanitation, establishing broad partnerships with international organizations, and other donor countries, etc.

(1) Pursuing the sustainability of water use

- Japan will support the formulation of integrated water resource management (IWRM) plans based on monitoring, forecasting, and evaluation.

- Japan will ensure sustainability through support at both the policy level and the project level.

(2) Emphasizing the "human security" perspective

- Japan will support the self-reliance of people through the participation of inhabitants in the maintenance, management, and operation of infrastructure, and through capacity development.

- Japan will strengthen the capacity of people in dealing with insufficient access to water and risks of natural disasters.

(3) Emphasizing capacity development

- Japan will promote the development of the organizations, policies, systems, information and data, and human resources of the developing countries' governments.

- Japan will promote the development in technological and managerial capacities at the local level.

(4) Pursuing synergistic effects through cross-sectoral measures

- Japan will consider the effects and impact on other sectors from the project formation phase and promote coordination with related sectors.

(5) Considering local conditions and appropriate technology

- Japan will consider local conditions and characteristics with respect to nature, society, and culture etc., and the appropriate technology.

3. Concrete Measures

(1) Promotion of integrated water resource management (IWRM)

- Implementation of IWRM; Support for structural development of trans-boundary watercourses

(2) Provision of safe drinking water and sanitation

- Rural communities: Supply of water and sanitation with consideration to local conditions and capacity development

- Urban areas: Utilization of private sector funds to meet large-scale funding needs; Support for transitional measures

(3) Support for water use for food production and other purposes

- Multi-faceted use of water including agricultural water, electricity generation, industrial water, and water transport, etc.

(4) Water pollution prevention and ecosystem conservation

- Water pollution prevention by sanitary facilities and effluent regulations, etc.; Support for greening and sustainable forest management

(5) Mitigation of damage from water-related disasters

- Establishment of early warning systems; Strengthening disaster response capacities of local communities; Infrastructure development including flood control facilities and drought management facilities