Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Japan's Environmental Cooperation
Selected Projects in ISD Fields
(1) Air and water pollution, waste disposal
China: Liuzhou Environmental Improvement Project
This is a comprehensive project to improve air, water, and sanitation quality in the city of Liuzhou. Under the project, Japan is planning to install smokestack scrubbers at the Liuzhou Power Station to remove sulfur oxides, a source of acid rain.
Egypt Environmental Monitoring and Training Center
Japan provides technical cooperation needed to monitor air and water pollution in Egypt, thereby helping it build a solid foundation for environmental administration.
(2) Global warming
Training programs for developing-country personnel
Japan conducts training courses on climate change, for example, the "Training Course to Develop National Inventories and Strategies Against Climate Change" and "Technology for Green House Gases Emission Mitigation."
Malaysia: Port Dickson Power Station Rehabilitation Project
This project replaces obsolete generating equipment, thereby alleviating the environmental load from the power plant (projected reductions of 60% per unit energy for carbon dioxide, 90% for nitrous oxides, and 100% for sulfur oxides) and, through the use of natural gas, encourages the diversification of energy sources.
(3) Nature conservation
Palau International Coral Reef Center
Japan provided assistance for the establishment of the Center, which will conduct research and education on the conservation of coral reefs and the rich diversity of life forms.
Green Cooperation Projects
Japanese experts and JICA volunteers are sent in to provide technical instruction in sapling cultivation, forestation, fruit and vegetable cultivation, and other areas of "greenification" as a means of promoting forestation projects by rural residents.
(4) "Fresh water" problems
Senegal, Cote d'Ivoire, Togo, etc.: Project to Supply Water in Rural Areas
Japanese cooperation for the installation of facilities to supply safe water to rural areas does more than just provide daily drinking water. It also prevents the spread of infectious disease and improves sanitation while lessening the labor of women and children, who are traditionally responsible for hand-drawing water from wells.
(5) Public awareness
Japan emphasizes the importance of environmental cooperation in policy dialogues with other countries and seeks their understanding on this matter. It also seeks resident involvement for forestation and other cooperation projects. These efforts help to improve awareness of environmental issues.