Submission of Report by Commission on Human Security to Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan

1 May 2003

1. On 1 May (Thurs) 2003, the co-chairs of the Commission on Human Security, Mrs. Sadako Ogata and Prof. Amartya Sen presented the report of the Commission to Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan.

2. The report of the Commission proposes that in the world today in which globalization is progressing, given the reality that there are many cases where states are unable to adequately ensure the security of their citizens, various comprehensive measures should be taken in response to both conflict and development. Specifically, focusing on individuals and communities, it emphasizes the necessity of protection and empowerment of individuals.

3. The main proposals contained in the report are:

(1) Protecting people in violent conflict
(2) Protecting people from the proliferation of arms
(3) Supporting the security of people on the move
(4) Establishing human security transition funds for post-conflict situations
(5) Encouraging fair trade and markets to benefit the extreme poor
(6) Working to provide minimum living standards everywhere
(7) According higher priority to ensuring universal access to basic health care
(8) Developing an efficient and equitable global system for patent rights
(9) Empowering all people with universal basic education
(10) Clarifying the need for a global human identity while respecting the freedom of individuals to have diverse identities and affiliations.

4. The Government of Japan will make every effort to disseminate through international conferences and media the concept of human security that the report of the Commission proposes, and using the Trust Fund for Human Security and the Grant Assistance for Grassroots Human Security Projects Program it will make further endeavors to realize human security in the field.


1. The Commission on Human Security was established in January 2001 under the initiative of the Government of Japan and UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, and was co-chaired by former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Mrs. Sadako Ogata and Master of Trinity College of the University of Cambridge, Prof. Amartya Sen (Nobel Laureate in Economics). The Commission held its final meeting in February 2003 and on that occasion approved the report.

2. On 26 February 2003, Mrs. Ogata and Prof. Sen submitted to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi the summary of the report of the Commission.

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