The 7th Informal Meeting
on 'Further Actions against Climate Change'
Tokyo, 12-13 February 2009
Government officials, representatives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), AWG-LCA (Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention), AWG-KP (Ad Hoc Working Group on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol) and research institutes attended the "7th Informal Meeting on 'Further Actions against Climate Change'" hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and the Ministry of External Relation of Brazil in Tokyo on 12 and 13 February 2009.
At the beginning of the year 2009 where Parties to the UNFCCC are shifting to the full negotiation mode, this informal meeting provided an excellent opportunity to exchange open and frank views on the framework beyond 2012 in an unofficial setting.
1. Actions by developed and developing countries
Participants exchanged views on commitments or actions by developed countries and actions by developing countries. Discussions were focused on such items as the scale of emission reductions and comparability of efforts. Most participants recognized the importance of setting fair national emission reduction targets of developed countries and promoting technology transfer to developing countries.
It was noted that the long-term goal would be helpful for the negotiation on mitigation commitments. In order to achieve substantial global reductions in the long term, many participants recognized the necessity of further actions by developing countries taking into account national circumstances, responsibilities and capabilities, while developed countries will need to lead the global efforts for emission reductions. Developing country participants indicated concern over the slow pace of negotiations under the AWG- KP, as Annex I country QELROs for the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol have not been identified.
Many participants also emphasized that climate change mitigation and adaptation projects in developing countries should contribute to development and poverty alleviation which are the absolute necessities.
2. Further enhancement of cooperation
Many of the developing country participants expressed the necessity of sufficient financial resources, technologies and capacities for tackling climate change, reaffirming that funding and technology transfer from developed countries are indispensable for developing countries to take mitigation actions.
Some participants put emphasis on the importance of public funds. However, they also stressed the need for considering a mechanism which would enable developing countries to make use of the funds arising from the private sector.
3. Perspectives of negotiations on the future framework
Participants shared the recognitions about the tight schedule to the COP15 in Copenhagen and the necessity for acceleration of the negotiations. Views of participants were expressed on various issues, such as the relationship between the AWG-LCA and the AWG-KP.
Participants also exchanged their views on the image of the outcome to be agreed upon in the COP15 in Copenhagen.
Participants recognized the importance of confidence in the Convention process and the relationship between developed countries and developing countries.
This summary was drafted under the responsibility of the co-chairs of the meeting,
Mr. Akihiko Furuya, Ambassador for Global Environmental Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and Mr. Sergio Barbosa Serra, Ambassador for Climate Change, Ministry of External Relations of Brazil.
The discussion took place on the understanding that the opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the positions of respective governments.
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