Grassroots Human Security Grant Aid to Iraq (Governorate of Al-Muthanna)

June 29, 2005

  1. The Government of Japan has decided to extend to the Governorate of Al-Muthanna, Iraq, a grassroots human security grant aid for the following three projects: (1) Project for Provision of Equipment for Repair and Maintenance of Roads in Samawah, (2) Project for Rehabilitation of Roads in Ar-Rumaitha and (3) Project for Rehabilitation of Mutawag Al-Chibashi Road. On June 26 at the etape of the Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces in Samawah, the Acting Director of the Department of Samawah Municipality, the Director of the Department of Ar-Rumaitha and the Director of the Road and Bridge Department of the Governorate of Al-Muthanna, signed a grant contract.

    Details of each project are as follows:

    (1) Project for Provision of Equipment for Repair and Maintenance of Roads in Samawah: $862,000 (about 92 million yen)
    Samawah, the central city of the Governorate of Al-Muthanna, through which passes National Route 8, the main highway in southern Iraq, suffers heavy traffic and severe damage to its roads. The Department of Samawah Municipality, however, lacks the road construction equipment necessary to conduct long-term repairs of the damaged roads, resulting in delay in road repair, traffic jams and other problems.

    The aid will enable the Department to carry out long-term repair of the damaged roads and to accelerate repair work. In Samawah, reconstruction activities are proceeding in various fields such as roads and electricity. Speeding up road repair in Samawah is expected to improve the traffic situation including alleviating congestion and activating even further the social and economic activities of the Samawah citizens.

    (2) Project for Rehabilitation of Roads in Ar-Rumaitha: $842,837 (about 90 million yen)
    Ar-Rumaitha (about 25km north-northwest of Samawah), one of the core regions in Al-Muthanna, has a population of about 100,000. Many of the community roads are dirt roads and poor in quality. As in the suburbs, roads in the city center remain unmetalled or needing to be paved, making it hard in the rainy season for such vehicles as ambulances and water tank trucks and for school children and other residents to get through and greatly hampering the maintenance of even the minimum living standard in such areas as water supply, medicine and education and also economic and social activities including the transportation of basic necessities and food in surrounding areas.

    With this aid, which will repair roads in the most severely damaged areas in central Rumaitha (a total of 10.57 km), it is expected to contribute to improving the lives of Rumaitha citizens and the welfare and stability of the community.

    (3) Project for Rehabilitation of Mutawag Al-Chibashi Road: $706,000 (about 75 million yen)
    The Mutawag Al-Chibashi Road located in the north of Swir (about 15km east of Samawah) serves as a community road for about 44,000 residents in the areas surrounding the road. A large part of the road is in poor quality and has a serious effect for the local residents to sustain a minimum standard of living in areas such as water supply, medicine and education. Such poor condition of the road also affects the economic and social activities including transportation of basic necessities and food.

    The aid, which will conduct emergency repairs (asphalt paving) of a part of the road (about 6.7km), is expected to improve the lives of the people in areas surrounding the road and to contribute to building and stabilizing the local community.
  2. Basic infrastructure of the Governorate of Al-Muthanna is particularly under-developed compared with other parts of the country by reason of such factors as oppression under the former government, the economy battered by the war with Iran, and the economic sanctions after the Gulf War. Roads and bridges are therefore in extremely poor condition, hampering the smooth traffic of water tank trucks or emergency vehicles and directly affecting people's daily lives. Roads used by students for their commute also need to be improved. The series of aid extended this time is expected to improve road conditions in the Governorate and administrative services including water supply for local residents, medicine and education.
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