Japanese Territory

 

March 6, 2015

Senkaku Islands

Information about the Senkaku Islands

1. Overview

"The Senkaku Islands" is the collective term that refers to a group of islands that includes Uotsuri, Kitakojima, Minamikojima, Kuba, Taisho, Okinokitaiwa, Okinominamiiwa, and Tobise located at the west side of the Nansei Shoto Islands. They are part of Ishigaki City, Okinawa Prefecture.

2. Location

The Senkaku Islands are located in the East China Sea (approximately 170 km north of Ishigaki Island and approximately 410 km west of Okinawa Island).

3. Composition

Name Area Location
Uotsuri Island 3.81km2 170 km northwest of Ishigaki Island (Westernmost point of the Senkaku Islands)
Kuba Island 0.91km2 160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 22 km Northeast of Uotsuri Island
Kitakojima Island 0.31km2 160 km north of Iriomote Island
Taisho Island 0.06km2 150 km north of Ishigaki Island, 103 km east of Uotsuri Island (Easternmost point of the Senkaku Islands)
Minamikojima Island 0.40km2 160 km north of Iriomote Island
Okinokitaiwa Island 0.03km2 160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 6 km northeast of Uotsuri Island
Okinominamiiwa Island 0.01km2 160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 7.5 km northeast of Uotsuri Island
Tobise Island 0.002km2 160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 1.5 km east of Uotsuri Island
Total Area 5.53km2

Note: The island areas are based on the 2014 Nationwide Prefectural and Municipalities Area Survey by the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. The island areas cover adjacent islets.

4. Nature

The Senkaku Islands contain a wide variety of plants and animals including endemic species. The surrounding seas are also rich fishing grounds.

5. Japanese residents in the Islands

After the incorporation of the Senkaku Islands into Japanese territory in 1895, Japanese citizens settled on the Islands and ran businesses such as dried bonito manufacture and bird feather collecting. During the peak, more than 200 Japanese lived on the Senkaku Islands.