March 6, 2015
Information about the Senkaku Islands
"The Senkaku Islands" is the collective term that refers to a group of islands that includes Uotsuri, Kitakojima, Minamikojima, Kuba, Taisho, Okinokitaiwa, Okinominamiiwa, and Tobise located at the west side of the Nansei Shoto Islands. They are part of Ishigaki City, Okinawa Prefecture.
The Senkaku Islands are located in the East China Sea (approximately 170 km north of Ishigaki Island and approximately 410 km west of Okinawa Island).
|Uotsuri Island||3.81km2||170 km northwest of Ishigaki Island (Westernmost point of the Senkaku Islands)|
|Kuba Island||0.91km2||160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 22 km Northeast of Uotsuri Island|
|Kitakojima Island||0.31km2||160 km north of Iriomote Island|
|Taisho Island||0.06km2||150 km north of Ishigaki Island, 103 km east of Uotsuri Island (Easternmost point of the Senkaku Islands)|
|Minamikojima Island||0.40km2||160 km north of Iriomote Island|
|Okinokitaiwa Island||0.03km2||160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 6 km northeast of Uotsuri Island|
|Okinominamiiwa Island||0.01km2||160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 7.5 km northeast of Uotsuri Island|
|Tobise Island||0.002km2||160 km north of Ishigaki Island, 1.5 km east of Uotsuri Island|
Note: The island areas are based on the 2014 Nationwide Prefectural and Municipalities Area Survey by the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. The island areas cover adjacent islets.
The Senkaku Islands contain a wide variety of plants and animals including endemic species. The surrounding seas are also rich fishing grounds.
5. Japanese residents in the Islands
After the incorporation of the Senkaku Islands into Japanese territory in 1895, Japanese citizens settled on the Islands and ran businesses such as dried bonito manufacture and bird feather collecting. During the peak, more than 200 Japanese lived on the Senkaku Islands.