Financial Mechanism for "Cool Earth Partnership"
"The other pillar of International Environment Cooperation is assistance to developing countries that are aiming to achieve both emissions reductions and economic growth and working to contribute to climate stability.
As one measure, Japan will establish a new financial mechanism, Cool Earth Partnership, on the scale of US$10 billion. Through this, Japan will cooperate actively with developing countries' efforts to reduce emissions, such as efforts to enhance energy efficiency. At the same time, we will extend the hand of assistance to developing countries suffering severe adverse impacts as a result of climate change. In addition, Japan aims to create a new multilateral fund together with the United States and the United Kingdom, and we call for participation from other donors as well. We will use such instruments to strengthen our solidarity with developing countries and work towards the reduction of greenhouse gases globally."
Financial Mechanism to assist developing countries to address climate change
Starting this year, Japan will provide funds amounting approximately to US$ 10 billion (JPYen 1,250 billion) in aggregate over the next five years. Assistance will be provided to developing countries, that are making efforts to reduce GHGs emissions and achieve economic growth in a compatible way, on the basis of policy consultations between Japan and those countries.
1. Assistance for adaptation to climate change and improved access to clean energy: up to US$ 2 billion (JPYen 250 billion)
- Grant aid, technical assistance and aid through international organizations will be provided to address the needs in developing countries. A new scheme of grant aid, "Program Grant Aid for Environment and Climate Change", will be created as a component of this package.
- In the context of improved access to clean energy, feasibility study on rural electrification projects with geothermal energy and "co-benefit" projects that address climate change will be conducted.
2. Assistance for mitigation of climate change: up to US$ 8 billion (JPYen 1 trillion)
- "Climate Change Japanese ODA Loan" with preferential interest will be created to provide loans amounting to JPYen 500 billion for the purpose of implementing programs to address global warming in developing countries.
- Through capital contribution and guarantee by JBIC (JBIC Asia and Environment Facility), trade and investment insurance by NEXI, and government support (projects to be implemented through NEDO), together with private funds, up to JPYen 500 billion will be provided for projects to reduce GHGs emission in developing countries. In this context Asian Clean Energy Fund (at ADB) will also be utilized to promote energy conservation in the Asian-Pacific region.
Scope of Assistance (examples)
1. Adaptation to climate change
Measures to assist developing countries, which are vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change (e.g. African and Pacific island counties), to take adaptive measures (e.g. measures against disasters related to climate change (including disaster prevention) such as droughts and floods, planning of adaptation measures)
2. Improved access to clean energy
Measures to promote economic development through utilizing clean energy in developing countries which has insufficient access to modern energy supply (e.g. electrification of rural communities by introduction of solar power generation and small-scale hydro energy)
3. Mitigation of climate change
Measures to mitigate effects of global warming by reducing GHGs emission (e.g. improvement of energy efficiency of electric power plants)
- JBIC: Japan Bank for International Cooperation
- NEDO: New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
- NEXI: Nippon Export and Investment Insurance
Back to Index