Co-Chair's Summary
The Conference on Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG) for the Stabilization of Afghanistan: Coordination with Police Reform

21 June 2007

  1. The Conference on Disbandment of Illegal Armed Groups (DIAG) for the Stabilization of Afghanistan: Coordination with the Police Reform was held on 21 June 2007 in Tokyo, under the co-chairmanship of Japan, Afghanistan and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).
  2. The Conference was inaugurated by H.E. Mr. Taro Aso, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan, along with the opening statement by H.E. Mr. Mohammad K. Khalili, Vice President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, followed by H.E. Mr. Tom Koenigs, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Afghanistan. Representatives from 13 states and 6 international organizations attended the Conference.
  3. The Participants of the Conference reaffirmed their strongest commitment to the stability and reconstruction of Afghanistan, and stressed their support for Afghanistan's nation-building efforts under its ownership.
  4. The Participants examined the current situation of DIAG and appreciated the progress achieved so far in accordance with President Karzai's firm commitment demonstrated at "The Second Tokyo Conference on Consolidation of Peace in Afghanistan" on 5 July, 2006. In this regard they welcomed the launch of a new Action Plan of DIAG, the process of establishing a DIAG Unit inside the Ministry of Interior (MoI) whose responsibilities include DIAG-related activities, weapons registration, regulation of security companies. The participants agreed on the necessity to secure personnel, infrastructure, equipment, and budget that enable DIAG division to function in a sustainable and independent manner and reaffirmed that international community would support such efforts. They commended Afghanistan's national ownership in DIAG program as reflected in these developments.

Coordination between DIAG, Police Reform, and other Security Sector Reform (SSR):

  1. The Participants also discussed the challenges facing the DIAG operations such as security, narcotics, poverty, unemployment and above all weak institutional capacity of law enforcement and security institutions. They reaffirmed the importance of a comprehensive approach to implementation and agreed to closely coordinate DIAG, police reform and other security sector reforms (SSR) activities. They encouraged the Government of Afghanistan to:
    • Focus attention on the coordination between DIAG and the police reform, while putting emphasis upon more visible, effective efforts to be made in such areas as public information, training of policemen, strengthening of provincial and district administration;
    • Carefully formulate an effective enforcement plan among the national and international agencies with Afghan National Police playing a leading role in producing and implementing such a plan; to be strongly supported by NATO- ISAF.
    • Quickly deploy additional police forces in areas where DIAG has been enforced, so as to consolidate the gains achieved through the program and enable development activities to commence;
    • Take strong measures against Government officials engaged in drug trafficking and other criminal activities through the relevant mechanisms such as the Advisory Panel on Senior Appointments and the Ministry of Interior selection boards;
    • Deregister political parties and disqualify parliamentarians found to maintain armed wings or groups;
    • Formulate a better mechanism of information sharing among the security agencies and making efforts to achieve better coordination and collaboration with counter-narcotics.
  2. The Participants called upon the neighboring countries to contribute to preventing smuggling of weapons into Afghanistan and reaffirmed the necessity of establishing an appropriate strategy in this regard in an urgent manner.
  3. The Participants appreciated the initiatives taken by the United States, European Union, Canada and Norway in deploying police mentors and expressed the need for additional mentors, particularly at the provincial and district levels.
  4. The Participants agreed upon the need for consistent support to DIAG from NATO-ISAF and its contributing countries.
  5. The Participants further recommended that attention be paid to the linkages between DIAG and rule of law issues during the Rome Conference, on 3 July 2007.

Reintegration and Roles of Community

  1. The Participants pointed out the importance of a smooth transition from disbandment to development, welcomed the launch of DIAG projects in Kapisa, and encouraged the Government of Afghanistan to strive for the following:
    • Fully scrutinizing the socioeconomic factors before/during/after DIAG and making utmost efforts in integrating those who surrender their weapons and accept the authority of Government of Afghanistan into civilian life;
    • Enhancing the visibility of the Afghan Government's efforts and seriousness in DIAG through establishing all District Development Assemblies expeditiously and implementing development projects smoothly in the areas upon which D&R Commission has put great emphasis;
    • Establishing a mechanism to commend and encourage governors and/or local government officials for their endeavors in implementing DIAG;
    • Strengthening the existing coordination between DIAG and the National Reconciliation Program (Program Tahkim-e Solh, or PTS) in weapons collection, reintegration, and other relevant efforts;
    • Ensuring that senior government officials support the program through visits to the provinces and districts;
    • Ensuring that community needs are met through decentralized decision-making during the identification of DIAG projects, through the District Development Assemblies;
    • Transparency in the implementation of the program and engaging civil society in public education, reintegration, and monitoring.
  2. The Participants reaffirmed the necessity of empowering the D&R Commission and the DIAG Provincial Committees. The Participants recommended investing the necessary resources in and extending logistical support through existing programs, such as the Afghanistan Stability Program (ASP) and the Afghanistan New Beginnings Program (ANBP). The Participants further welcomed the establishment of the outreach fund for provincial governors and called upon donors to accelerate the process.

Partnership of the Afghanistan Government and the International Community

  1. The representatives of the International Community reaffirmed their support for the DIAG, including the transition to full Afghan ownership;
  2. The Participants agreed upon the need for sharing of information so as to ensure accurate targeting of illegal armed groups and prioritization of those actively involved in drug trafficking and other criminal activities.
  3. The Participants expressed their deep appreciation to the Government of Japan for hosting this Conference and welcome its continued support for the Afghan-led DIAG process.

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