BETWEEN JAPAN AND THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL
(Brasilia, September 16th)
- At the invitation of the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the Prime Minister of Japan, Junichiro Koizumi, paid an official visit to Brazil from September 14th to 16th.
- Prime Minister of Japan visited São Paulo on September 14th and 15th, during which time he was greeted by the Governor of State Geraldo Alckmin and met representatives from the Japanese-Brazilian community.
- On September 16th, Prime Minister of Japan was welcomed by President of the Federative Republic of Brazil and attended a summit meeting, when they held a warm and wide-ranging exchange of views on the current state of the bilateral relations as well as on global issues.
- Both leaders, recalling over one hundred years of friendship and cooperation, expressed their strong determination to strengthen overall bilateral ties. They reviewed the political, economic and human links that lie at the foundation of the Brazil-Japan relations, and reaffirmed to make efforts to further intensify them.
- Both leaders considered the importance of the exchange of high-level visits between both countries. President of the Federative Republic of Brazil underscored the high relevance of the visit of Prime Minister of Japan to Brazil. Prime Minister of Japan extended his invitation to President of the Federative Republic of Brazil to visit Japan at a time of mutual convenience. President of the Federative Republic of Brazil accepted the offer with satisfaction.
- Both leaders praised the contribution made by the Japanese immigration to Brazil since 1908 and affirmed their determination to celebrate the Centennial Year in 2008 as the "Japan-Brazil Exchange Year". They also decided to establish a "Japan-Brazil Council for 21st Century", in order to present recommendations on the future opportunities for further deepening bilateral ties.
- Prime Minister of Japan thanked the warm welcome received by the Japanese immigrants to Brazil through all these years. President of the Federative Republic of Brazil also expressed his gratitude for the friendly way the Brazilian community was given the opportunity to contribute to the further development of the Japanese economy and society in recent decades.
In this regard, both leaders shared the view that human ties played a vital role in deepening friendship and mutual understanding between the two countries. They acknowledged that labor, education, welfare and transport links are crucial elements to enhance synergic forces in bilateral relations.
- Both leaders confirmed that the political relationship should be further strengthened, and welcomed the progress of the inter-governmental consultations on political and economic issues between Japan and Brazil as well as between Japan and Mercosur. They also shared the view that it would be important to enhance such consultations, promote the increased exchange of high-ranking visits including ministerial ones, and increased interaction not only at the governmental level but also at the parliamentary level.
- Both leaders reached a common recognition that it is timely to revitalize the economic and commercial relations between the two countries. Both leaders decided to work together between both governments and private sectors to explore ways to revitalize economic relations between Japan and Brazil and also between Japan and Mercosur. In this regard, they looked forward to a successful outcome of the next meeting of the Japan-Brazil Economic Committee to be held next year in Japan.
- Both leaders shared the view that synergic and complementary aspects of both economies entail important opportunities to give new vigor to Japanese-Brazilian relations. In this regard, they acknowledged with satisfaction the important contribution of the Japanese cooperation to strategic Brazilian projects in the fields of energy, raw material resources, infrastructure, environment and food security. They also noted the important opportunities created by both countries for future cooperation projects.
- Both leaders reaffirmed the importance of the bilateral technical cooperation program and gladly approved the successful outcome of the sixteenth meeting on this matter held in Tokyo last May 27-28. They emphasized the importance of bilateral projects and programs, as well as of those related to third parties. They expressed satisfaction for current cooperation endeavors for the region of Latin America and Africa.
- Both leaders, acknowledging that cultural and personal exchanges play an important role in advancing mutual understandings between the peoples of Japan and Brazil, decided to do even more to promote these exchanges. In this context, both leaders expressed their intentions to work together on events such as the 2008 Japan Art Exposition in Brazil. Also, taking into account the critical role to be played by young generation in the future bilateral relationship, Prime Minister of Japan expressed his intention to invite more than 1,000 Brazilian students and youth to Japan over the course of the next five years under various exchange programs, and President of the Federative Republic of Brazil welcomed it.
- Both leaders shared the understanding that it is of great importance to enhance the effectiveness and credibility of multilateral institutions, especially the United Nations and its Security Council, particularly through expanding the membership of the Security Council, both in permanent and non-permanent categories.
Japan and Brazil, based on the firmly-shared recognition that both countries are legitimate candidates for a permanent seat at the UNSC, and in light of the current reality of the international system, will support each other's candidacy in the upcoming reform of the institution, exert utmost effort and work closely together towards accomplishing such a reform.
- Both leaders welcomed the decision made by the WTO General Council on August 1st. While confirming that maintaining and strengthening the multilateral trade system was indispensable for the development of the developing countries and the growth of the world economy, and recalling the need to display flexibility, constructive spirit and political will in negotiations, both leaders decided to work together to ensure productive negotiations in the lead-up to the sixth ministerial meeting to be held in Hong Kong in December, 2005 and reassured their commitment to a successful conclusion of the Doha Round through the full implementation of its mandate, which will significantly facilitate the integration of developing countries in the multilateral trading system in all relevant fields.
- Both leaders reiterated their common interest in for the global environment and their commitment to promote sustainable development. Noting that climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing mankind, they stressed the importance of the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol and urged all Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change that have not yet ratified the Protocol to do so in a timely manner. They also stressed their satisfaction with the strengthening of bilateral cooperation on environmental issues, particularly with initiatives such as the Informal Meeting on Further Actions against Climate Change, co-chaired by Brazil and Japan for the second time, in Tokyo on 15 and 16 September.
Both leaders also discussed the importance of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle ("3 R") and Prime Minister of Japan invited Brazil to participate in the 3 R Initiative Ministerial Meeting to be held in Tokyo in April 2005 and President of the Federative Republic of Brazil would consider this invitation.
Both leaders shared their interest in renewable energies including bioethanol as one of the measures to prevent global warming.
- Both leaders discussed issues of world poverty reduction, counter-terrorism and other important international issues in order to address them in a democratic and equitable way.
- Both leaders concluded their summit meeting reaffirming their shared commitment to democracy, human rights and free market ideals which lay at the foundation of both countries.
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