Joint Communiqué between Japan and Ukraine

1. Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan Yoriko Kawaguchi made her first official visit to Ukraine from August 31 to September 2, 2003. During the visit Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoriko Kawaguchi paid a courtesy call to President Leonid Kuchma. At the meeting it was stressed the importance of development of political dialogue and transition to practical realization of existing potential in relations between the two countries.

Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoriko Kawaguchi had a meeting with Prime Minister of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych where issues of widening of trade, economic cooperation and investment were discussed.

2. During the meeting between Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoriko Kawaguchi and Minister for Foreign Affairs Anatoliy Zlenko both sides highly regarded the achievements of bilateral cooperation in various fields since the establishment of diplomatic relations between two countries in 1992.

They shared the common recognition on the importance of further strengthening the bilateral relationship between the two countries.

Both sides expressed their intention to activate political dialogue based on the Joint Statement of Japan and Ukraine of March 23, 1995. In this regard, the Japanese side reiterated its recognition of Ukraine as one of the successor states to the former USSR.

3. Both sides made fruitful exchange of views on following international and regional issues requiring prompt action by the international community, and confirmed their common recognition and stance on addressing these issues.

a) Fully conscious of growing menace posed by the Weapons of Mass-Destruction (WMD) proliferation, both sides reiterate their strong commitment to the international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime based on the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). As concrete steps to reinforce the NPT regime, both sides clearly and strongly support an early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and conclusion of the Additional Protocols to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Safeguards Agreements.

In this respect, the Japanese side highly appreciates political and strategic decision taken by the Government of Ukraine to remove nuclear weapons, which Ukraine had inherited from the former Soviet Union, from its territory and to decommission related facilities. Thus Ukraine, which had possessed the world's third largest nuclear arsenal at the time of its independence, became a non-nuclear-weapon state and joined the NPT as a non-nuclear-weapon state. The Japanese side also highly appreciates the Ukraine's ratification of CTBT. Both sides recognize each other as an important partner in their efforts towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons.

The Japanese side confirms that it will support the Science and Technology Centre in Ukraine (STCU) projects within the contribution that has already been transferred to the STCU.

b) Proliferation of WMD and means for their delivery is also a critical issue for the international community. The risk of proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery exists as long as there are countries or terrorist groups trying to acquire those weapons, and it is impossible for any single country to contain such risks on its own. Therefore, it is indispensable to promote international cooperation in non-proliferation activities. It is important to make multi-faceted and multi-layered diplomatic efforts, as well as bilateral and regional diplomatic approaches, and to establish multilateral frameworks to achieve this objective.

c) Both sides shared their deep concern over increasing of terrorist activities in different regions and strongly condemned international terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. Both sides noted that terrorism seriously threatens stability and prosperity in the world and stressed the necessity to consolidate the efforts of all international community for preventing and eradicating this threat.

d) With regard to the situation in Afghanistan and Iraq, widespread coordination and cooperation among members of the international community including neighboring countries are vital in efforts to counter global terrorism and the proliferation of WMD, as well as for the recovery and reconstruction of these countries. Both sides confirmed their readiness to extend as much assistance as possible in collaboration with the international community and international organizations.

In this respect, the Japanese side expressed appreciation for the decision made by Ukraine to dispatch its troops to provide assistance for the stabilization efforts in Iraq. The Ukrainian side expressed appreciation for Japan's leadership in the efforts to provide humanitarian and reconstruction assistance to Afghanistan and Iraq and took note of the entry into force by the Special Measures Law on Humanitarian and Reconstruction Assistance to Iraq, which was recently adopted by the Japanese Parliament.

Both sides reiterated their support to the UN Security Council Resolutions 1483 and 1500, envisaging key principles of the reconstruction of Iraq.

Both sides condemned the terrorist attack against the UN headquarters in Baghdad and share the grief of the death of Mr. Sergio Vieira de Mello and the other deceased.

e) As for the situation in the Korean Peninsula both sides reaffirmed that North Korea's possession of nuclear weapons should not be tolerated and reiterated that North Korea's relations with them and with the international community as a whole hinge on its taking prompt and verifiable action to end its nuclear weapons program fully and in a verifiable and irreversible manner. They reaffirmed their confidence that diplomacy will result in an end to North Korea's nuclear weapons program, which, in turn, will contribute to increased security on the Korean Peninsula and in the region. The Ukrainian side expressed its support for Japan's efforts to resolve nuclear and missile issues as well as other important issues including abduction cases in a comprehensive manner based on the Japan-DPRK Pyongyang Declaration of September 17th 2002. Both sides welcomed the six-party talks, which were held in Beijing, and expressed their strong hope that these talks will be continued as essential steps to comprehensive solution regarding issues of North Korea.

f) Both sides noted the numerous challenges that the international community is confronted with in other regions including the Middle East. They shared the recognition of importance that the international community be united in the efforts to resolve these challenges.

g) Both sides reaffirmed their determination to co-operate actively within the framework of the United Nations and other international organizations. They recognized the important role of the United Nations for promoting international peace, stability, and prosperity in the 21st century, and stressed the need to work together for the early realization of UN reforms, inter alia, the reform of the Security Council including the expansion of both permanent and non-permanent membership.

4. Both sides recalled the need for global partnership for sustainable development and discussed two items in this regard.

Firstly, recognizing that the Kyoto Protocol is an extremely significant first step in strengthening international action against climate change, the Japanese side expressed its expectation that Ukraine ratify the Kyoto Protocol as soon as possible. Both sides also expressed their intention to cooperate to establish a common rule in which all countries participate in order to ensure the effectiveness of actions against global warming.

Secondly, both sides shared the view that natural living resources must be conserved and used sustainably on a scientific basis.

5. With regard to the Japanese request to build and maintain the small sized memorial for the Japanese who were detained after the Second World War, the Ukrainian side is ready to discuss among its authorities concerned for necessary cooperation.

6. The Ukrainian side expressed its high appreciation for both the quantity and effectiveness of Official Development Assistance (ODA) that has been extended by the Government of Japan since its independence. The Japanese side appreciated efforts made by the Government of Ukraine for democratization, and expressed its intention to extend assistance in support of such efforts for further democratization. Both sides reaffirmed their intention to closely cooperate in finding and implementing prospective projects in the framework of ODA program.

7. The Ukrainian side highly appreciated the Japanese contribution to Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) related projects made through various frameworks.

The Ukrainian side, in particular, highly appreciated the Japanese contribution to the Chernobyl Shelter Implementation Plan and also for the assistance for the victims of the Chernobyl accident. The Ukrainian side expressed deep gratitude to those who provide assistance to the victims.

The Japanese side announced the intention to consider supporting the Chernobyl affected people through the Trust Fund for Human Security.

Both sides took note of the efforts made by the parties concerned to implement the provisions of the G-7 Ottawa Memorandum of 1995, and expressed their wish for continued efforts.

8. Both sides expressed their intention to make efforts towards early conclusion of an Agreement on Technical Cooperation and Grant Aid between the Government of Japan and the Government of Ukraine, which will be a big step forward for smooth implementation of economic cooperation between the two countries. In this connection, they expressed their expectations towards the future role of the Japan Center, which had carried out effective activities in Ukraine, that it would expand its activities as a new center, and that it would function as a center for training and exchange for the two countries under the said Agreement.

9. Both sides shared the view that they would make joint efforts for expansion of relationship in the field of trade and economy between the two countries including following points.

a) The Ukrainian side welcomes that Japanese private firms promote their activities in Ukraine, and it expressed its readiness to offer full support for their activities. Both sides discussed the possibilities of extension of cooperation in the sphere of investments and decided to make additional efforts to promote investment between two countries.

b) The Japanese side highly appreciated efforts and zeal of the Ukrainian Government in accession to WTO, and expressed continuous support to Ukraine's early accession to WTO with satisfactory condition.

10. Sharing the understanding of the importance of further enhancement of the bilateral cultural relationship, both sides confirmed that they will encourage, within their respective competence, contacts between institutions, governmental bodies and companies in the areas of personal, cultural and educational exchange, in particular, by providing each other with the information related to those areas. In addition, both sides reached the common recognition that they would endeavour to pursue the possibilities of cooperation in personal, cultural and educational exchange as means to enhance mutual understanding between the two nations. They will also make efforts to strengthen the relationship of mutual trust among the two countries, recognising the importance of mutual understanding based on respect for different cultures deriving from different histories.

11. During the visit The Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of Ukraine on the extension of the Japanese cultural grant for supply of lighting equipment to Lviv Solomiya Krushelnytska State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre was signed.

September 1, 2003

Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
Anatoliy ZLENKO

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