1. Prime Minister of Japan, H.E. Mr. Shinzo Abe and President of the Republic of Indonesia, H.E. Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono met in Jakarta, 20 August 2007 and held a comprehensive exchange of views on global climate change, environment and energy issues.
  2. The two leaders affirmed that these issues are important to be addressed in the context of Japan - Indonesia Joint Statement "Strategic Partnership for Peaceful and Prosperous Future" signed by both leaders on 28 November 2006.
  3. The two leaders also confirmed that Japan and Indonesia will work closely to ensure the success of the 13th Conference of the Parties (COP 13) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 3rd Meeting of the Parties (COP/MOP 3) of Kyoto Protocol, Bali, 3 - 14 December 2007.
  4. Both leaders expressed their determination to take part in an effective framework on climate change beyond 2012 under the UNFCCC in which all major emitting countries participate. Prime Minister Abe elaborated "Cool Earth 50", a proposal earlier presented in May 2007 for all countries in the world to confront climate change. President Yudhoyono expressed his high appreciation for "Cool Earth 50" as an important policy input for the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 13 and COP/MOP 3) on 3 to 14 December 2007 in Bali and confirmed that the two countries will work constructively to make the Conference a success.
  5. The two leaders stressed the need for strengthening cooperation at bilateral, regional and international levels in particular to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases.
  6. In the interest of effectively combating global warming and its grave consequences, Japan and Indonesia consider the following as critical:
    • The long-term target to cut global emissions by half from the current level by 2050, fully taking account of the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities;
    • The need to promote sustainable forest management, tackle illegal logging and illegal trade of timber and forest products, as well as conserve rich biodiversity;
    • The promotion of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM);
    • The importance of cooperation on afforestation and reforestation through existing partnerships as well as enhancing investment including "Flagship" investment projects;
    • Enactment of laws and regulations for high level environment protection and their effective enforcement;
    • The promotion of sustainable resource use through 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle), anti-pollutions measures, appropriate adaptation and mitigation measures for climate change, the improvement of management capacity and measures for natural disaster risks raised by climate change;
    • The effectiveness of integrated approach, such as regional anti-pollutions measures and global warming counter measures;
    • The importance of human resources development, environmental education and public awareness campaign;
    • The promotion of cooperation between the two countries in various fields, such as energy efficiency and conservation, renewable energy and clean coal technology.
    The two leaders shared common recognition that closer bilateral cooperation in the above-mentioned areas would give substance to the common goal of addressing climate change and promoting sustainable development.
  7. President Yudhoyono expressed his sincere appreciation for Japan's energy cooperation initiative announced by Prime Minister Abe at the Second East Asia Summit (EAS). They expressed their willingness to work together, in line with the "Cebu Declaration", towards the success of the Third EAS, which will focus, inter alia, on climate change and environment. The two leaders especially reaffirmed the importance to set voluntary goals and formulate action plans for improving energy efficiency.
  8. The two leaders stated that energy security is significant for mutually beneficial development of the two countries. Prime Minister Abe underlined that stable supply of energy resources from Indonesia to Japan is significant, and that in particular stable supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) is the foundation for the development of energy cooperation between the two countries. Taking account of the remarks concerning stable supply of LNG made by Prime Minister Abe and of the importance of the fulfillment of energy demand in Indonesia, they further reiterated their willingness to cooperate to strengthen the energy security in both countries, including energy cooperation under the Japan - Indonesia Economic Partnership Agreement (JIEPA).
  9. Both leaders expressed the significance of increased Japanese investment in energy exploration and exploitation activities in Indonesia especially for the purpose of discovering new fields of oil, gas and other energy for the sake of energy security of both countries. President Yudhoyono informed that Indonesia continues to sustain a reform program to create the kind of investment climate that is favorable to investors, by ensuring legal certainty and policy consistency as well as by reducing the cost of doing business.
  10. The two leaders shared the view that expanding the capacity of energy infrastructure, such as power plants and national-grid is significant for ensuring sustainable development.
  11. The two leaders recognized the importance of securing the sea-lanes for energy resource trade and expressed their determination to strengthen cooperation in this area. President Yudhoyono reaffirmed the commitment of the Government of Indonesia, as one of the littoral states, to continue its efforts to ensure security in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore. Prime Minister Abe expressed that Japan will further contribute to promoting cooperation between Japan and Indonesia along with private sectors, such as provision of aids to navigation and others in the Straits, and to assisting capacity building of coast guard organizations in littoral states. President Yudhoyono expressed his appreciation that, with regard to Japan - Indonesia Joint Announcement on Maritime Affairs in June 2005, Indonesia will obtain patrol vessels before the end of 2007 which were constructed under the grant aid extended by the Government of Japan.

Signed in Jakarta, 20 August 2007

Mr. Shinzo Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
President of the Republic of Indonesia

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