Japan-China Consultation on Disarmament and Non-proliferation
(Overview)

August 2003

On 14 August 2003, the Japan-China Consultation on Disarmament and Non-proliferation was held in Beijing (The Japanese representative was Director-General for Arms Control and Scientific Affairs Yukiya Amano; the Chinese representative was Director General Liu Jieyi of the Department of Arms Control and Disarmament). The following is an overview of the consultation which in recent years has been held annually.

1. Nuclear Disarmament

Japan requested China to make efforts towards nuclear disarmament and to improve the transparency concerning its unclear arsenals. In response, the Chinese side stated that maximum restraints were being exercised on its nuclear armaments.

2. CTBT

Japan requested China to promptly ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). In response the Chinese side explained that China supported the early entry into force of the CTBT, and that consideration was being given at the National People's Congress to China's ratification of the treaty.

3. Geneva Conference on Disarmament (CD)

Japan requested China's cooperation in breaking the current stalemate of the CD, of which Japan is assume the presidency from 18 August (Dr. Kunihiko Inoguchi, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Japan to the Conference on Disarmament will serve as the President). The Chinese side stated that they would cooperate in seeking a breakthrough at the CD.

4. Conventional Weapons

(1) UN First Biennial Meeting of States to consider the Implementation of the Programme of Action on Small Arms

Japan highly evaluated China's cooperation in the UN First Biennial Meeting of States to consider the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects held in July 2003 (chaired by Ambassador Inoguchi). Both sides confirmed the importance of working to tackle the issue of small arms.

(2) Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (Ottawa Convention)
Japan requested China to accede to the Ottawa Convention.

5. United Nations General Assembly

It was confirmed that towards the First Committee (disarmament and security), of the United Nations General Assembly in autumn 2003, both countries would continue to coordinate their policies, including their responses to various draft resolutions.

6. Regional Situation

(1) Iran
Both countries confirmed that it was important for Iran to fully cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and to sign, ratify and implement the Additional Protocol, and that to this end they would both continue to call on Iran to do so.

(2) North Korea
The Chinese side stated that it welcomed Japanese participation in the six-party talks on North Korean issues and expressed expectations for the role Japan would play in the talks. In response, Japanese side stated that it highly evaluated China's efforts concerning the six-party talks. Both countries shared the view that it was important to resolve North Korean issues in a peaceful manner.


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