Japan-China Summit Meeting at the ASEAN+3 Summit Meeting

October 2003

The Japan-China summit meeting was held between Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and Premier Wen Jiabao for approximately 40 minutes in Bali, Indonesia in the afternoon of 7 October. The following is an overview of the meeting.

1. Japan-China Relations

(1) Overview

(Premier Wen)
I would like to congratulate Prime Minister Koizumi for his reelection as the president of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). This year marks the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China. Progress is seen in Japan-China relations through the successful visits of Wu Bangguo, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress to Japan, and Chief Cabinet Secretary Yasuo Fukuda and Minister of State and Director-General of the Defense Agency Shigeru Ishiba to China.

(Prime Minister Koizumi)
I would like to express my gratitude for the hospitality of China during the visit of Chief Cabinet Secretary Fukuda to China. I am pleased to see the expansion of exchanges between Japan and China in various areas as this year marks the 25th anniversary of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China. As I attended the reception held for Wu Bangguo, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Naional People's Congress, on his visit to Japan last month, I realized that Japan-China relations have seen further progress. The Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China was ratified when Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda was in office. Then Prime Minister Fukuda, with the invitation of Mr. Deng Xiaoping, visited China. Former Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori, Chief Cabinet Secretary Fukuda and I (Prime Minister Koizumi) accompanied him on that visit.

I am currently 61 years old as well as President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen. It is very rare for the leaders of Japan and China to be of the same age. Developing future-oriented Japan-China relations between the same aged leaders is beneficial to the Asian Pacific region as well as the world as a whole.

(2) Future-oriented Japan-China Relations

(Prime Minister Koizumi)

(a) There are many issues between the two nations, however, at the same time, I would like to seek for progressing cooperation for the future. On the issue of abandoned chemical weapons in China, Japan plans for a sincere response and mutually satisfactory results for both nations are hoped through consultations between the authorities concerned.

(b) I appreciate the cooperation of China on the issue of the murder case of the family in Fukuoka, Japan. Cooperation on public security should be promoted in the future.

(c) Japan wishes to see further development of Japan-China relations through implementing cooperation in all areas and extending exchange of nationals, especially, of the younger generations. Although this was my first meeting with Premier Wen, I wish you can visit Japan at an early date.

(Premier Wen)
I place importance on this meeting today. Although this was the first meeting with Prime Minister Koizumi, I wish for a frank exchange of opinion on the important issues regarding Japan-China relations as friends.

(1) China places great importance on Japan-China relations. It is the most important relation in all the relations China has with its surrounding nations. The development of Japan-China relations is in the course of history, and is what the people desire. The intensity and range of Japan-China relations has progressed to an unprecedented level. The trade value between Japan and China last year exceeded US$100 billion and the traveling of people between Japan and China is close to 4 million.

(2) Japan-China relations have a clear basis. These are the three basic documents (note: Japan-China Joint Communique, Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Japan and the People's Republic of China, and Japan-China Joint Declaration on Building a Partnership of Friendship and Cooperation for Peace and Development). With the efforts of the leaders over many generations, Japan and China has agreed on "taking history as a mirror, and looking toward the future".

(3) Prime Minister Koizumi places importance on Japan-China relations and have made efforts, such as visiting the Marco Polo Bridge during his visit to China in 2001. He also attended the Boao Furm held in China last year and has clearly stated the stance that Japan will not account "the China threat."

(4) The history issue is a sensitive one which affects the relation between the two nations. The responsibility lies upon the militarists in the past and the Japanese citizens are also its victims. However, to deal with the past is crucial to the relation between the two nations.

China wishes for appropriate measures to be taken regarding the poison gas accident in Qiqihar City, China at an early date. Furthermore, China wishes this accident will accelerate the destruction of abandoned chemical weapons, which will help dissolve the unpleasant feelings of the Chinese citizens towards Japan.

(5) Continual development of Japan-China relations is beneficial to the people in China. Mutual visits by the leaders are essential for this development. I welcome the visit of Prime Minister Koizumi to China at an appropriate time and I also want to visit Japan. There is a need to create a favorable atmosphere for its realization. The decisiveness of the leaders is important. I would like to ask Prime Minister Koizumi to employ his wisdom to resolve the issues concerning the relations between Japan and China.

(Prime Minister Koizumi)
I hope for both leaders to work for the development of Japan-China relations and eventually, the realization of mutual visits.

2. Situation in North Korea

(Prime Minister Koizumi)
I would like to express my respect toward China on its efforts at hosting the recent six-party talks. I met with General Secretary Kim Jong Il and signed the Japan-DPRK Pyongyang Declaration. Japan is working to make North Korea a responsible member of the international community; however, it is not a task Japan can accomplish on its own. As a cooperative framework in the international community, Japan places importance on the six-party talks, with China and Russia being added to Japan, the United States and the ROK.

Although North Korea claims that the nuclear issue does not concern Japan, this is not the case. In the past, also regarding the abduction issue, North Korea claimed that there was no such fact; however, since last year it admitted the fact and given their apology and promised that such incident will not occur again. The attitude of North Korea is changing. The United States, ROK, China and Russia all have interest in this issue. Japan, with the cooperation of these nations, seeks to cooperate for a peaceful resolution.

(Premier Wen)
China also seeks for a peaceful resolution in solving the nuclear issue. China also understands the concerns of Japan regarding the abduction issue and hopes for Japan and North Korea to appropriately resolve this issue.

(Prime Minister Koizumi)
Japan has a policy to comprehensively resolve the nuclear, abduction and missile issues. The role of China will be crucial for the resolution. North Korea has been making provocative statements, however Japan is dealing with the matter in a calm manner. Japan is collaborating with President Roh Moo Hyun and President George W. Bush, and would like to make further close cooperation with China.

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