*1 Association for the Development of Education in Africa ( ADEA )

Established in 1988 under the initiative of the World Bank to promote policy talks, cooperation, and exchange of information among donor countries regarding education development in Sub-Sahara African countries. Members include bilateral donors, international agencies, and NGOs. Its head office was transferred to UNESCO's affiliate office, UNESCO International Institute for Education Planning ( IIEP ) in 1992. Its activities include dialogues among African and donor countries, partnership-building, strengthening of development, management, and implementation capabilities of African education/development ministers, promotion of sharing of good practice, and building partnerships in the implementation of education policies. Japan became a member through JICA in 2004. Under Japan's initiative, the Working Group on Mathematics and Science Education was launched at the ADEA Steering Committee Meeting in November 2004.