Japan's Medium-Term Policy on Official Development Assistance (ODA)

August 10, 1999



  1. Basic Approaches

  2. Priority Issues and Sectors
    1. Support for Poverty Alleviation Programs and Social Development
      (1) Basic Education
      (2) Health and Medical Care
      (3) Women in Development (WID)/Gender in Developing Countries

    2. Support for Economic and Social Infrastructure

    3. Human Resources Development and Intellectual Support
      (1) Human Resources Development
      (2) Intellectual Support
      (3) Support for Democratization

    4. Responding to Global Issues
      (1) Environmental Conservation
      (2) Population and AIDS
      (3) Food
      (4) Energy
      (5) Drug Abuse

    5. Support for Overcoming the Asian Currency and Economic Crisis and Promotion of Economic Structural Reform

    6. Conflict, Disaster, and Development
      (1) Conflict and Development
      (2) Disaster Prevention and Post-Disaster Reconstruction

    7. Responding to Issues of Debt Relief

  3. Priority Issues and Sectors by Region
    1. East Asia

    2. Southwest Asia

    3. Central Asia and the Caucasus

    4. The Middle East

    5. Africa

    6. Latin America and the Caribbean

    7. Oceania

    8. Europe

  4. Methods of Aid
    1. Coordination of ODA Programs within the Japanese Government, among Implementing Agencies and with Various Schemes for Aid

    2. Coordination with Other Official Flows (OOF) and with the Private Sector

    3. Support to and Collaboration with NGOs

    4. Coordination with Other Donor Countries and International Organizations

    5. Support for South-South Cooperation

  5. Points to be Followed in the Implementation and Management of ODA
    1. Understanding of the Conditions in Individual Developing Countries and the Formulation of Country Assistance Programs

    2. Preliminary Studies, Environmental Considerations, Monitoring of Implementation, and Ex-Post Evaluation
      (1) Preliminary Studies and Environmental Considerations
      (2) Monitoring
      (3) Ex-Post Evaluation

    3. Human Resources for Development Cooperation

    4. Promoting Public Understanding and Participation

    5. Promoting Information Disclosure

    Explanatory Notes

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