Japan-Chile Foreign Ministers' Meeting
On November 11 (Thu.) from 4:50 to 5:35 p.m., Mr. Seiji Maehara, Minister for Foreign Affairs, held a meeting with Mr. Alfredo Moreno, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Chile, who is visiting Japan to attend the APEC Ministerial Meeting, at a hotel which is the venue of the APEC meeting. The overview of the meeting is as follows;
1. Bilateral Relations
Minister Maehara reiterated his congratulations for the miraculous rescue of all of 33 trapped miners, stating that he highly respected the President's leadership and the efforts made by the people of Chile in this regard. He also extended his congratulations on the celebration of the 200th anniversary of Chile's independence this September. In his response, Minister Moreno expressed gratitude for Japan's assistance for reconstruction in the aftermath of the earthquake in February.
Furthermore, Minister Maehara expressed his expectations for a successful meeting of the Japan-Chile Economic Committee on November 15, to which President Sebastián Piñera is also expected to attend, touching upon the expansion of bilateral economic relations and academic exchanges between Japan and Chile in recent years. With regard to post-earthquake assistance, he explained that Japan decided to extend cooperation for earthquake-proof engineering and the implementation of an early warning system against earthquakes and tsunamis, and is considering the utilization of digital TV system to this end. In response, Minister Moreno clarified his hope of adopting Japan's early warning system, noting that Chile has adopted the Japanese standards for digital TV.
2. United Nations Security Council Reform
Minister Maehara asked for continued support for Japan's bid to become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Minister Moreno responded that the Security Council needs to be reformed to reflect the reality of the international community, and expressed support for Japan's bid for permanent membership.
3. Climate Change
Minister Maehara explained that although Japan will steadily make financial and other types of contributions, in support of developing countries, it is against the simple extension of the Kyoto Protocol. Minister Maehara emphasized that commitment by a limited number of countries without the participation of major emitters which are not party to the Protocol will not lead to the achievement of the overarching goal of reducing CO2 emissions on a global level. In response, Minister Moreno explained Chile's stance that all nations must shoulder responsibility with regard to climate change, although the extent of that responsibility may differ depending on each country's capacity and emission volume. He stated that Chile supports the Copenhagen Accord and has voluntarily set up a target to reduce CO2 emissions by 20% by 2020.
4. Nuclear Disarmament
Minister Maehara thanked Minister Moreno for Chile's participation in the Foreign Ministers' Meeting on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation (co-hosted by Japan and Australia) during the United Nations General Assembly meeting in September, as well as for co-sponsoring the Resolution on Nuclear Disarmament, and expressed his intention to work closely with Chile to realize a "world with low nuclear risk." In response, Minister Moreno said Chile is not only committed to maintaining the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Treaty of Tlatelolco) but will also work for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation in the international community.
5. Japan-Chile Economic Partnership Agreement
Minister Moreno explained Chile's trade policy, pointing out that it has concluded free trade agreements (FTAs) with the largest number of countries, and commenting that the Japan-Chile economic partnership agreement was a good agreement. The ministers exchanged views on the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), in the context of which Minister Moreno is pleased at Japan's positive stance.
In conclusion, Minister Moreno thanked Japan again for being the greatest contributor to the post-earthquake reconstruction process in Chile despite geographic distance.
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