Exchange of Notes on Grant Aid (Assistance for Underprivileged Farmers) through the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to the Republic of Uganda and Burkina Faso
March 14, 2008
- The Government of Japan has decided to provide, through the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) grant aid totaling 300 million yen as assistance for underprivileged farmers to the two projects below. Notes on this aid were exchanged on March 14 (Fri) (local time, same day) in Rome between Mr. Yuji Nakamura, Japanese ambassador to Italy, and Mr. James G. Butler, Deputy Director-General of the FAO.
- (1) Project for Agriculture and Rural Development through Innovative Rice-based Farming Systems for Food Security and Poverty Reduction in Republic of Uganda (150 million yen)
- (2) Project for Agriculture and Rural Development through Innovative Rice-based Farming Systems for Food Security and Poverty Reduction in Burkina Faso (150 million yen)
- The gist of the projects is as follows:
- (1) Content of the Projects
In order to expand the amount of food harvested, particularly to assist underprivileged farmers, these projects intend to provide agricultural technology including agricultural supplies such as good-quality seeds (including NERICA), fertilizer, small tractors, and conduct training workshops and establish a sustainable agricultural system (Innovative Rice-based Farming Systems) on the basis of efficient rice-farming cultivation through such advanced technology, and aim to help alleviate poverty in rural areas by increasing rice productivity and farmers' income in Uganda and Burkina Faso. These projects intend to closely cooperate not only with agencies concerned in the two countries but also collaborate with other projects of the World Food Programme (WFP) and others which are being implemented in the two countries.
- (2) Necessity of the grant aid
- (a) In Uganda, the demand for rice has been increasing because of urbanization and provision of school meals. Uganda imports 60,000 to 70,000 tons of rice a year, and the Government regards the increase of production and self-sufficiency of rice as one of its prioritized measures. However, the availability of good-quality seeds is insufficient, and as the main production method is traditional, rice productivity remains low. In addition, the machines necessary after the harvest are in short supply, with the result that about 20% of the crop yields is lost.
- (b) In Burkina Faso, despite the fact that the population is increasing rapidly, the productivity of their staple food, rice, is low because of traditional production method using no equipment and without fertilizers. Post-harvest machinery is also in short supply and about 20% of the crop is lost. As a result, Burkina Faso has to import rice to meet the domestic demand.
- (c) To improve food security and farmers' income, the FAO has formulated the "Innovative Rice-based Farming Systems" project for Uganda and Burkina Faso.
- (3) Effect of the grant aid
- (a) In Uganda, it is expected that the aid will contribute to the improvement of food security and raise the income of about 10,000 farmers in rural villages, and also to the management of seed quality and farmers' capacity for a rice-farming-based production system.
- (b) In Burkina Faso, it is expected that the aid will contribute to food security and raise the income of about 4,000 poor households in rural villages, and also to the management of seed quality, rice-farming-based production system, and to the improvement of farmers' capacity for coordinating fish farming by effectively using rice growing and rice paddies.
- (1) Content of the Projects
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