Outline of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's Visit to Mongolia
(August 10-11, 2006)
August 16, 2006
1. Japan-Mongolia Summit Meeting (August 10, 14:35-15:55)
(1) Points in the Statement of Mr. Miyeegombyn Enkhbold, Prime Minister of Mongolia
(a) In the last six months, the prime ministers of the two countries had visited each other, and nearly 100 Japanese politicians had visited Mongolia, a record not found in the case of other countries and a proof that the relationship between the two countries is developing very favorably.
(b) Mongolia again expresses appreciation to Japan, which has been extending the greatest assistance as top donor, and would like to ask for this to be continued. Mongolia has submitted proposals and would like Japan to study them. Mongolia requests Japan to study positively the project for the construction of a new airport as yen loan.
(c) The diplomatic policy of Mongolia is to build a well-balanced relationship with China and Russia and a pluralistic diplomatic relationship by strengthening relations with "neighboring third countries", among which Japan is extremely important.
(d) Mongolia would like to formulate a concrete action plan for new steps toward a comprehensive partnership. Mongolia hopes to build a mutually beneficial relationship by expanding economic exchanges. To develop private-sector cooperation, Mongolia hopes that Japanese enterprises will invest into underground resources as well as into agricultural and dairy farming, roads, electricity, telecommunications and tourism. Mongolia would like to address the avoidance of double taxation in order to expand investment.
(e) One of the factors in the considerable increase in the number of Japanese visitors to Mongolia is the visa exemption in force between April and December this year. On the other hand, the Japanese visa procedure is complicated, and we ask Japan to simplify it so that many Mongolians will be able to visit Japan.
(f) Next year marks the 35th year to commemorate the establishment of diplomatic ties between Japan and Mongolia and will also be the Year of Japan in Mongolia. We extend our invitation to Their Majesties The Emperor and Empress, Their Imperial Highnesses the Crown Prince and Crown Princess, and Mr. Yohei Kono, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
(g) Mongolia has from the beginning been supporting Japan's efforts to gain a permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council and will continue to do so. Mongolia expresses its gratitude for Japan's support for Mongolia's participation in the ASEM.
(2) Points in the Statement of Mr. Junichiro Koizumi, Prime Minister of Japan
(a) Mongolia has diplomatic advantages that Japan does not, such as diplomatic ties with North Korea and membership of the Shangai Cooperation Organization as an observer. The Government of Japan would like to have opportunities for opinion and information exchange at the official level in order to widen the scope of discussion and cooperation over the regional and international situation including North Korea (agreed on by Prime Minister Enkhbold).
(b) Corporations all over the world including those of Japan are interested in the underground resources of your country. The Government of Japan wishes willing to continue opinion exchange on how the development should proceed. Japan expects its Mongolian counterpart to make efforts to improve the investment climate in Mongolia. Japan would also like to strengthen cooperation not only on underground resources but also in various fields such as technology, agriculture, and environment.
(c) When Prime Minister Enkhbold visited Japan in March 2006, he talked about "The White Horse of Sukh", and this time Prime Minister Koizumi referred to Japan's two folktales. Japan has decided to assist in such areas as accepting a larger number of Mongolian students, and repairing of the school buildings. Japan expects that this assistance will produce a young generation who will help to develop the Japan-Mongolian relationship.
(d) Japan is ready to examine such cases proposed by Prime Minister Enkhbold as the simplification of issuing visas at the official level.
(e) Japan expresses gratitude for the invitation to Their Majesty The Emperor and Empress, and Their Imperial Highnesses the Crown Prince and Crown Princess. The message will be delivered to them.
(f) The Government of Japan would like to invite Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar, President of Mongolia, next February before or after the anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and Mongolia.
(g) Japan supports Mongolia's membership of ASEM. Japan also appreciates Mongolia's continuous support for Japan's efforts to reform the Security Council of the United Nations.
2. Lunch with Mr. Nambaryn Enkhbayar, President of Mongolia (August 11, 13:00-14:30)
(1) Based on Prime Minister Koizumi's present visit, the two leaders agreed to further reinforce cooperative relations in all fields.
(2) The two leaders agreed to discuss the schedule of a visit to Japan of President Enkhbayar early next year.
(3) The two leaders agreed to establish a "forum for dialogue" over regional matters, including North Korea issues, and international matters, and to strengthen cooperation between the two countries. They agreed to cooperate for North Korea's early return to the six-party talks. Prime Minister Koizumi explained the importance of resolving various problems such as the abduction of Japanese nationals, nuclear issues, and missile launches. President Enkhbayar expressed understanding and support for Japan's position.
(4) On economic cooperation, President Enkhbayar said he got many good results this time and expressed his expectation of further cooperation from Japan, to which Prime Minister Koizumi replied that Japan would support Mongolia. As Prime Minister Koizumi had mentioned the development of Mongolia's underground resources, President Enkhbayar announced his expectations of Japan's expertise and technologies.
(5) The Mongolian side presented a white horse which Prime Minister Koizumi named "Enkh Impact". ("Enkh" meaning "peace" or "calm", is part of the names of President Enkhbayar, Prime Minister Enkhbold, and Foreign Minister Enkhbold.)
3. Grant Aid Signing Ceremony
(1) A signing ceremony for an Exchange of Notes on the grant aid to Mongolia for the Project for Human Resource Development Scholarship was held.
(2) Prime Minister Koizumi presented the Japanese folktales "Kasa-ko Jizo" (Kasa Guardian Deity of Children) and "Tsuru no Ongaeshi" (The Grateful Crane) to be used in Mongolian primary and middle school textbooks. (This was in response to a request from Prime Minister Enkhbold to Prime Minister Koizumi at the time of his visit to Japan on March 2006.)
(3) Japan presented 800 Japanese dictionaries for the students of Mongolian primary and middle schools who are studying Japanese. (This was in return for the gift of 800 Morin Khuurs (horse-head fiddles), which was announced when Prime Minister Enkhbold visited Japan in March 2006.)
(4) Japan announced the repair of the school buildings and dormitories of ten schools in ten provinces during FY 2006.
(5) Japan announced a cultural grant aid for the Project for the Construction of the Kharakhorum Museum.
4. Other Events
Welcoming Ceremony, Joint Press Conference, Attendance at Opera "Chinggis Khaan Act 2", Memorial Services and Wreath-laying at a memorial to former Japanese prisoners of war, Tree-planting Ceremony, and visit to the Mini-Naadam festival.
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