Grassroots Human Security Grant Aid to Iraq (Governorate of Al Muthanna including Samawah)

September 7, 2004

  1. The Government of Japan has decided to extend a grassroots human security grant aid of about 5.55 million dollars (about 610.47 million yen) in total to the Governorate of Al Muthanna, in the south of Iraq, to improve the water supply and basic infrastructure.

  2. Water Supply
    (1) To improve the water supply in the Governorate of Al Muthanna, which includes Samawah, the Government of Japan will provide a grassroots human security grant aid of about 326,000 dollars (about 35.80 million yen) in total to the Water Department of the Governorate of Al Muthanna.

    (2) With this assistance, Japan will install one reverse osmosis water treatment facility (commonly called an RO unit; with a capacity of treating four tons of water per hour) in Al Busayyah, and seven water tanks (each with a capacity of 100 tons of water; totaling 700 tons) in the suburbs of southwest Samawah. The water tanks will be set up for the RO units that Japan decided to extend in June as a grassroots human security grant aid, making them possible to operate overnight.

    (3) This assistance will provide safe water to about 47,000 residents in the Governorate of Al Muthanna who now have a poor water supply, and is expected to stabilize the people's standard of living in the districts covered.

  3. Basic Infrastructure including Road Repair
    (1) To improve basic infrastructure, Japan will extend a grassroots human security grant aid of about 522.4 million dollars (about 574.66 million yen) in total to the Road and Bridge Department of the Governorate of Al Muthanna for road repair and other purposes.

    (2) In the field of basic infrastructure, the Governorate of Al Muthanna is particularly under-developed compared with other parts of the country, because of the oppression under Sadam Hussein's administration, the battered economy caused by the war against Iran, the economic sanctions after the Gulf War, and other factors. The aid extended this time will enable the repair of roads between Al-Khidhur and Darraji and between Mahdi and Sawa, and will provide the Road and Bridge Department of the Governorate of Al Muthanna with necessary construction equipment to restore damaged roads and bridges in the Governorate.

    (3) A series of these aids to the Governorate of Al Muthanna is expected to improve the road traffic situation and public services such as water supply, medical care and education for the residents; and also to facilitate the smooth implementation of humanitarian and reconstruction assistance activities including water supply, medical care and repair of schools currently conducted by the support units of the Japanese Ground Self Defense Forces in and around Samawah.
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