Grassroots Human Security Grant Aid to Iraq (Governorate of Al Muthanna including Samawah)
June 18, 2004
- The Government of Japan has decided to extend a grassroots human security grant aid of about 3,130,000 dollars (about 344.8 million yen) in total to Iraq to improve water supply and medical and health care.
- Water Supply
(1) To improve water supply in the Governorate of Al Muthanna, which includes Samawah, the Government of Japan will provide a grassroots human security grant aid of about 1,580,000 dollars (about 173.8 million yen) in total.
(2) With this assistance, Japan will install prefabricated water treatment facilities (commonly known as compact units) in three districts (southern part of Hillal and Majd, and northern part of Darraji); and two reverse osmosis water treatment facilities (commonly called as RO units), to supply purified water in the areas of the Governorate where access to safe water is extremely limited.
(3) This assistance will enable about 70,000 residents in the Governorate of Al Muthanna with poor water supply access to procure safe water, and is expected to stabilize the people's standard of living in the districts covered.
- Medical and Health Care
(1) Japan will extend a grassroots human security grant aid of about 1,550,000 dollars (about 171 million yen) in total to the Al-Rumaytha and Al-Khidhur Hospitals.
(2) The Gulf War in 1991, the postwar economic sanctions, and the recent use of force against Iraq, have caused a shortage of medical and other related equipment, severely lowering the medical standards in Iraq. Health care indices such as maternal and infant mortality rates and tuberculosis incidence have severely worsened within the past 10 years or so, and the figures remain higher than those in neighboring and other Middle Eastern countries.
The Al-Rumaytha and Al-Khidhur Hospitals, together with the Al Samawaha General Hospital and the Samawaha Maternity and Children Hospital, are core facilities in medical and health care services in the Governorate of Al Muthanna, and have played a significant role in primary and secondary medical care.
For the purpose of restoring the shattered medical system, the two hospitals formulated the Project for Improvements of Medical Instruments for Al-Rumaytha Hospital and the Project for Improvements of Medical Instruments for Al-Khidhur Hospital respectively, and have requested from the Government of Japan the funds necessary to purchase medical equipment such as X-ray equipment, infant incubators, and ultrasonic diagnostic and cardiography equipment.
(3) These projects are expected to restart the medical activities of Al-Rumaytha and Al-Khidhur Hospitals and contribute to improving medical services for the residents in Rumaytha and Khidhur, who, at present do not have adequate services, and also for about 500,000 residents in the Governorate of Al Muthanna as a whole.
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