Emergency Aid to Assist Sierra Leone's Peace Process
October 30, 1998
- On October 30 (Fri.), the Government of Japan decided, as part of its assistance for the peace process in Sierra Leone, to extend emergency assistance totalling 960,000 U.S. dollars to the United Nations, which has been assisting the National Committee on Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration of Sierra Leone, which implements projects on the reintegration of military personnel of the former junta and other persons.
Japan's assistance will be used for the training and employment of demobilized military personnel, assistance for social reintegration, and assistance to former military personnel who are children or ailing.
- Lieutenant Colonel Johnny Paul Koromah established a military junta in Sierra Leone, leading rank-and-file soldiers of the government forces and launching a coup d'etat in May 1997. The international community (the United Nations Security Council, various African organizations, etc.) demanded in unison that President Kabbah, who was elected democratically, should immediately be reinstated. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Monitoring Group (ECOMOG) brought Freetown, the capital, under its control in February of this year, and in March President Kabbah returned to Sierra Leone. While Sierra Leone has been striving for national rehabilitation and reconstruction, with the cooperation of the international community, the country faces such difficult tasks as improvement of the severe conditions confronting refugees and internally displaced persons and the stabilization of public security by disarmament and demobilization of rebel soldiers. Against this background, the international community including the U.N. is indicating its willingness to contribute actively to the country's reconstruction efforts.
- Japan has been actively involved in the international efforts to restore peace and security in Sierra Leone. It decided to extend the present emergency aid in response to requests by the U.N. and others, with the recognition that assistance for Sierra Leone's reconstruction constitutes assistance to the country's peace process, and that this assistance is one concrete application of the comprehensive policy recommendations that Japan has been making with regard to assistance to Africa.
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