The Government of Japan's Comments on the 1999 National Trade Estimates (NTE) Report

April 16, 1999

Some part of the 99 National Trade Estimate (NTE) report states accurately the actual circumstances in Japan and assesses these in proper manner . However, in many parts of the NTE report, we observe that the argument is marked by one-sided view and misinterpretations of the facts; it is to our great disappointment that such report has been published. Regarding the word "press" used in several parts of the report, one-sided expression such as one country pressing the other is not appropriate since every country is on an equal footing with each other. The NTE report points out in a number of contexts that the share foreign-made products occupy in Japan's market remains low, and draws from this a conclusion that there are barriers hindering access to Japan's market. In reality, market share is determined by a wide variety of factors, particularly demand structures and the effort suppliers make to market their products; adopting result-oriented approach is not consistent with international rule based on free trade. In this context, the Government of Japan has a concern over the U.S. Government's having officially re-instituted Super 301 and Title VII (Identification of Discriminatory Government Procurement Practice), thereby strengthening the procedure for imposing unilateral measures.The following is the concise critical comments on items discussed in the report.

Table of Contents

  1. Deregulation
  2. Import Policies
  3. Standards, Testing, Labeling and Certification
  4. Government Procurement
  5. Lack of Intellectual Property Protection
  6. Service Barriers
  7. Investment Barriers
  8. Anticompetitive Practices
  9. Electronic Commerce
  10. Other Barriers

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