Climate Change
History of Negotiations on Climate Change

November 9, 2016

1992: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted (effective from 1994)
1997: Kyoto Protocol adopted (COP3) (effective from 2005)
*Not ratified by USA
2009: Copenhagen Accord (COP15)
COP took note of the listing of emission reduction targets and actions up to 2020 of developed countries and developing countries (COP decision not reached).
2010: Cancun Agreements (COP16)
→ Emission reduction targets submitted by each country organized into UN documents.
2011: Durban Platform (COP17)
→ Ad-hoc working group (ADP) was established to develop a new framework applicable to all Parties.
2012: Doha Climate Gateway (COP18)
→ Establishment of the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
2013: Warsaw decision (COP19)
→ The timing of the submission of emission reduction targets from 2020 (intended nationally determined contributions: INDC) was determined.
2014: Lima Call for Climate Action (COP20)
→ Contents of information to be provided when submitting INDC was agreed and elements for a draft negotiating text for framework were elaborated.
2015: Paris Agreement adopted (COP21) (entered into force on November 4, 2016)
→ Agreement reached for the first time where all parties participate in taking concrete measures against climate change.